Susceptibility of some vegetable species to feeding of Cepaea hortensis (Müller) and Arion rufus (Linnaeus)
More details
Hide details
Institute of Plant Protection, Miczurina 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
Agricultural University, Faculty of Agriculture, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-638 Poznań, Poland
Agricultural University, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-638 Poznań, Poland
Corresponding author
Jan Kozłowski
Institute of Plant Protection, Miczurina 20, 60-318 Poznań, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2006;46(3):231–239
Vegetables in addition to arable crops and ornamentals are also at high risk from slug and snail attack at all growth stages. The no-choice tests were conducted under laboratory conditions to assess the harmfulness of the slug Arion rufus (Linnaeus) and the snail Cepaea hortensis (Müller) to young vegetable plants. Ten species representing leaf and root vegetables, allium, brassica, cucurbit and edible pulse plants were chosen to compare their susceptibilities to feeding of these pests (agrotechnical classification – Polish National List of Varieties of Agricultural and Vegetable Plants 2005). The evaluation of the growth of the tested vegetables included a percentage of the damaged plant area and changes in aboveground plant mass. The trend toward increase of mass was defined by the means of regression analysis. Losses of aboveground plant mass resulting from pest feeding and plant growth restraint caused by the slug or the snail damage were assessed. Variance analysis of the general linear model and orthogonal contrasts were calculated to compare the vegetable groups included in the research. The highest losses of aboveground plant mass, by both pest species A. rufus and C. hortensis, were on common bean plants and the smallest on plants of leaf vegetables (lettuce, dill), brassica plants (cauliflower, white cabbage) and allium plants (garden onion).
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Centralny Ośrodek Badania Odmian Roślin Uprawnych. Lista Odmian Roślin Rolniczych i Warzywnych (Polish National List of Varieties of Agricultural and Vegetable Plants). 2005. Słupia Wielka, 141 pp.
Elandt R. 1964. Statystyka Matematyczna w Zastosowaniu do Doświadczalnictwa Rolniczego. PWN, Warszawa, 595 pp.
Kozłowski J. 1999. Ślimaki (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora) – niedoceniane szkodniki roślin uprawnych w Polsce. Post. Nauk Roln. 6: 39–50.
Kozłowski J. 2003. Stan badań nad metodami zwalczania szkodliwych ślimaków. Post. Nauk Roln. 5: 25–42.
Kozłowski J. 2005. Host plants and harmfulness of the Arion lusitanicus Mabille, 1868 slug. J. Plant Protection Res. 45: 221–233.
Port G., Ester A. 2002. Gastropods as pests in vegetable and ornamental crops in western Europe. p. 337–351. In „Molluscs as crop pests” (G.M. Barker, ed.). Landc. Res., Hamilton, New Zealand, CABI Publish., Wallingford UK, 498 pp.
Searle S.R. 1971. Linear Models. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 536 pp.
Trętowski J., Wójcik A.R. 1988. Metodyka Doświadczeń Rolniczych. WSR-P Siedlce, 538 pp.
Wiktor A. 2004. Ślimaki Lądowe Polski. Mantis, Olsztyn, 302 pp.