Assessing the extent of damage caused by Cleonus piger Scop. and other entomofauna in the cultivation of milk thistle [Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.]
More details
Hide details
University of Technology and Agriculture Ks. A. Kordeckiego 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Poland Department of Plant Cultivation
University of Technology and Agriculture Ks. A. Kordeckiego 20, 85-225 Bydgoszcz, Poland Department of Applied Entomology
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2006;46(1):49–59
The research on impact of Cleonus piger Scop. ( Coleoptera; Curculionidae ) feeding and the occurrence of other pest insects on milk thistle plants grown in monoculture and crop rotation after cereals, with two different seeding dates was carried out in the years 2003–2005. The infestation and density of C. piger larvae in roots of plants grown in monoculture increased with subsequent developmental phases and subsequent years of the experiment. Feeding resulted in the decrease in crop yield by 40% compared to the crop rotation treatment. In crop rotation stands, the infestation of milk thistle roots by C. piger larvae was 4–5 times lower at the final phase than in monoculture. Postponing seeding by three weeks led to the decrease of infestation and density of C. piger larvae, but the crop yield was lower than that from the earlyseeded stands. No other phytophagous species of economic importance were found
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Abdel-Moniem A.S.H. 2002. The seed-head weevil, Larinus latus herbst ( Coleoptera: Curculionidae) as a new record in Egypt on the milk thistle, Silybum marianum (L.) ( Asteraceae:Compositaea). Archiv. Phytopath. Pflanz. 35: 157–160.
Andrzejewska J., Skinder Z. 2003. Damage inflicted by Cleonus piger Scop. on milk thistle (Silybum marianum Gaertn.). Herba Pol. 3/4: 332–334.
Benada J., Spacek J., Sediveg J. 1984. Atlas Chorób i Szkodników Buraka. PWRiL, Warszawa: 188–191.
Bruzzese E. 1996. Ecology of Cirsium vulgare and Silybum marianum in relation to biological control. Plant Prot. Q. 11, sup. 2: 245–249.
Gassmann A., Tosevski I., Diefer B., Schneider H. 2002. Biological Control of Canada Thistle, Cirsium arvense. CABI Bioscience Switzerland Centre, Annual Report for 2002, p. 18.
Good Agricultural and Collection Practice for Starting Materials of Herbal Origin (GACP). 2002. London. EMEA/HMPWP/31/99 Rev. 3: 3–11.
Hinfner K., Homonnay F. 1966. Atlas Chorób i Szkodników Buraka Cukrowego. PWRiL, Warszawa: 12–15.
Ignjac M., Jaramazovic J., Tomasev B., Dulic K. 1984. The role of mycoses in beet weevil ( Cleonus – Bothynoderes punctiventris Germ) occurrence prognosis in 1984 in Subotica region [Yugoslavia, injurious insects, secerna repa]. Glasnik zastite bilja 1: 8–11.
Morazzoni P., Bombardelli E. 1995. Silybum marianum ( Carduus marianus ). Fitoterapia 66: 3–42.
Nieves-Aldrey J. L. 1995. Two new species of Aylacini (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) from France, associated with Silybum and a new gall from Scorzonera (Asteraceae). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 31: 369–375.
Peschken D.P. 1984. Host range of Lema cyanella (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a candidate for biocontrol of Canada thistle, and of four stenophagous, foreign insects in North America. Can. Entomol. 116: 1377–1384.
Rumińska A. 1991. Poradnik Plantatora Ziół. PWRiL, Poznań: 301–305.
Smreczyński S. 1968. Klucze do Oznaczania Owadów Polski. Cz. XIX, 98 c. Wyd. PWN: 30–43.
Uygur S., Smith L., Uygur F.N., Cristofaro M., Balciunas J. 2005. Field assessment in land of origin of host specificity, infestation rate and impact of Ceratapion basicorne a prospective biological control agent of yellow starthistle. BioControl 50: 525–541.
Zahradnik J. 1985. Kaefer Mittel- und Nordwesteuropas. Verlag Paul Parey. Hamburg und Berlin, p. 318.
Zalecenia Ochrony Roślin na lata 2004/2005. Cz. IV. Rośliny Ozdobne. Rośliny Zielarskie. Instytut Ochrony Roślin: 213–216.
Zsemberi S., Pets G. 1993. The sugar beet weevil Cleonus punctiventris GERMAR. Cukoripar 46: 85–87.