ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Dissipation of methomyl residues in tomato fruits, soil and water using LC-MS/MS
Dalia El-Hefny 1, A
,  
Ibrahim Abdallah 2, D  
,  
Rania Helmy 1, C
,  
Hend Mahmoud 1, E-F
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Pesticide Analysis Department, Central Agricultural Pesticide Laboratory, Giza, Egypt
2
Entomology and Pesticides Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ibrahim Abdallah   

Entomology and Pesticides Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Online publish date: 2019-10-07
Submission date: 2018-12-01
Acceptance date: 2019-08-16
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(3):355–361
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Tomato is an economically important vegetable crop which is attacked heavily by insect pests leading to reduction of yield and quality of the fruits. Field experiments were carried out to investigate the dissipation of methomyl (a common insecticide) used mainly on tomato fruits. LC-MS/MS coupled with the QuEChERS method were used for the determination of methomyl. The results showed that the recovery using matrix-matched standards ranged from 87.8 to 101.3%, with relative standard deviation of 2.5 to 7.5%. Kinetics equation, Log R = log R0 – 0.434 Kt, was used to calculate the rate of degradation in tomato, soil and water. Residue half-life calculated using kinetic rate ranged from 1.95 to 1.63 days in tomato and soil, respectively. From the results it was concluded that tomato fruits can be safely harvested for consumption after 15 days of application based on estimated preharvest interval (PHI). It is advisable to re-estimate the PHI regularly owing to data from the EU and Codex.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (39)
1.
Agricultural Pesticides Committee. 2018. Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture Available at: www.apc.gov.eg/en.
 
2.
Anastassiades M., Lehotay S.J.S., Tajnbaher D., Schenck F.J. 2003. Fast and easy multiresidue method employing acetonitrile extraction/partitioning an ‘‘dispersive solid-phase extraction’’ for the determination of pesticide residues in produce. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 86: 412–431.
 
3.
Andrade G.C.R., Freguglia R.M.O., Furlani R.Z., Torres N.T., Tornisielo V.L. 2011. Determination of pesticide residues in tomato using dispersive solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry. Journal of Brazilian Chemical Society 22 (9): 1701–1708. DOI: https://doi.org10.1590/s0103-5....
 
4.
Araújo A.S.F., Monteiro R.T.R., Abarkeli R.B. 2003. Effect of glyphosate on the microbial activity of two Brazilian soils. Chemosphere 52 (5): 799–804. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0045-....
 
5.
Bisen J.S., Ghosh H.N .2000. Persistence and degradation of some insecticides in Darjeeling tea. Journal of Plant Crops 28: 123–131.
 
6.
Chowdhury A. Z., Banik S., Uddin B., Moniruzzaman M., Kaarim N., Gan S. H. 2012. Organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide residues detected in water samples collected from paddy and vegetable fields of the Savar and Dhamrai Upazilas in Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (9): 3318–3329. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph....
 
7.
Cunha S.C., Fernandes J.O., Alves A., Oliveira M.B. 2009. Fast low-pressure gas chromatography – mass spectrometry method for the determination of multiple pesticides in grapes, musts and wines. Journal of Chromatography A 1216 (1): 119–126. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chro....
 
8.
Malhat F., Watanabe H., Youssef A. 2015. Degradation profile and safety evaluation of methomyl residues in tomato and soil. Hellenic Plant Protection Journal 8 (2): 55–62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hppj-2....
 
9.
Fang H., Qiu L. 2002. Behavior of pesticide in soil environment. Soil Environmental Science 11: 94–97.
 
10.
Fernandez-Alvarez M., Llompart M., Lamas J.P., Lores M., Garcia-Jares C., Cela R., Dagnac T. 2009. Development of a matrix solid-phase dispersion method for the simultaneous determination of pyrethroid and organochlorin-ated pesticides in cattle feed. Journal of Chromatography A 1216 (14): 2832–2842. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chro....
 
11.
Filho M.A., Navickiene S., Dorea H.S. 2006. Development of MSPD method for the determination of pesticide residues in tomato by GC-MS. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 17 (5): 874–879. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/s0103-....
 
12.
Fu R., Zhai A. 2013. Fast determination of N-methyl carbamate pesticides in fruit and vegetable juice. Application note. Available on: www.Agilent.com/chem. PP:6.
 
13.
Furlani R.P.Z., Marcilio K.M., Leme F.M., Tfouni S.A. 2011. Analysis of pesticide residues in sugarcane juice using QuEChERS sample preparation and gas chromatography with electron capture detection. Food Chemistry 126 (3): 1283–1287. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.food....
 
14.
Gambacorta G., Faccia M., Lamacchia C., Di Luccia A., La Notte E. 2005. Pesticide residues in tomato grown in open field. Food Control 16 (7): 629–632. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.food....
 
15.
Hernández-Borges J., Cabrera J.C., Rodríguez-Delgado M.A., Hernández- Kumara B. 2008. Effects of household processing on reduction of pesticide residues in vegetables. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 3: 46–51.
 
16.
Howard P. H.1991. Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals: Pesticides. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, MI: 3–15.
 
17.
Kinyunzu J.M. 2015. Residues concentration of carbaryl pesticide in soil and tomatoes from Hippo, Kingfisher and Harnekop greenhouse farms in the Thika and Naivasha. M.Sc thesis, Kenya, University of Nairobi, 103 pp.
 
18.
Kmellár B., Fodor P., Pareja L., Ferrer C., Martínez-Uroz M.A., Valverde A., Fernandez-Alba A.R. 2008. Validation and uncertainty study of a comprehensive list of 160 pesticide residues in multi-class vegetables by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 1215 (1–2): 37–50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chro....
 
19.
Lehotay S.J., de Kok A., Hiemstra M., Van Bodegraven P. 2005a. Validation of a fast and easy method for the determination of residues from 229 pesticides in fruits and vegetables using gas and liquid chromatography and mass spectrometric detection. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 88: 595–614.
 
20.
Lehotay S.J., Mastovska M., Lightfield A.R. 2005b. Use of buffering and other means to improve results of problematic pesticides in a fast and easy method for residue analysis of fruits and vegetables. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 88: 615–629.
 
21.
Lesueur C., Knittl P., Gartner M., Mentler A., Fuerhacker M. 2008. Analysis of 140 pesticides from conventional farming foodstuff samples after extraction with the modified QuECheRS method. Food Control 19 (9): 906–914. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.food....
 
22.
Liu M., Hashi Y., Song Y., Lin J. 2005. Simultaneous determination of carbamate and organophosphorus pesticides in fruits and vegetables by liquid chromatography – mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A., 1097 (1–2): 183–187. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chro....
 
23.
Łozowicka B., Rutkowska E., Jankowsk M. 2017. Influence of QuEChERS modifications on recovery and matrix effect during the multi-residue pesticide analysis in soil by GC/MS/MS and GC/ECD/NPD. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24 (8): 7124–7138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356....
 
24.
Malhat F. 2013. Simultaneous determination of spinetoram residues in tomato by high performance liquid chromatography combined with QuEChERS method. The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 90 (2): 222–226. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128....
 
25.
Malhat F., Hassan A. 2011. Level and fate of etoxazole in green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 87 (2): 190–193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128....
 
26.
Malhat F., Abdallah H., Hegazy I. 2012. Dissipation of chlorantraniliprole in tomato fruits and soil. The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 88 (3): 349–351. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128....
 
27.
Massoud A., Derbalah A., El-Shshtawy H., Sleem F. 2014. Efficacy of methomyl after application against cotton leaf worm in soybean and removal kinetics of its residues. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 7 (5): 291–304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jest.2....
 
28.
Möllhoff E. 1975. Method for gas chromatography determination of residue tokuthion and its Oxon in plants and soil samples. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten Bayer 28: 382–387.
 
29.
Moye H.A., Malagodi M.H., Yoh J., Leibee G.L., Ku C.C.,Wislocki P.G. 1987. Residues of avermectin B1a in rotational crops and soils following soil treatment with (C14) avermectin B1a. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 35 (6): 859–864. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0007....
 
30.
Khay S., Abd El-Aty A.M., Choi J.H., Choi J.T., Lim T., Shim J.H. 2006. Methomyl residue on chinese cabbage grown under greenhouse conditions. The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 77 (4): 516–520. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128....
 
31.
Ramadan G., Shawir M., El-bakary A., Abdelgaleil S. 2015. Dissipation of four insecticides in tomato fruit using high performance liquid chromatography QuEChERS methodology. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 76 (1): 129–133. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4067/s0718-....
 
32.
Rasolonjatovo M.A., Cemek M., Cengiz M.F., Ortaç D.H., Büşra Konuk E., Karaman A., Kocaman T., Göneş S. 2017. Reduction of methomyl and acetamiprid residues from tomatoes after various household washing solutions. International Journal of Food Properties 20 (11): 2748–2759. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/109429....
 
33.
Romeh A., Mekky M. 2009. Dissipation of profenofos, imidaclopride and penconazole in tomato fruits and products. The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 83 (6): 812–817. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128....
 
34.
SANTE 2017. Document No: SANTE/11813/2017. Guidance document on analytical quality control and validation procedures for pesticide residues in food and feed.
 
35.
Schuster E., Schroder D. 1990. Side-effects of sequentially-applied pesticides on non-target soil microorganisms field experiments. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 22 (3): 367–373. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0....
 
36.
Spynu E. 1989. Predicting pesticide residues to reduce crop contamination. Review of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 109: 89–107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-....
 
37.
Timme G., Frehse H. 1980. Statistical interpretation and graphic representation of the degradation behavior of pesticide residues. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten Bayer 33: 47–60.
 
38.
Walgenbach J., Leidy R.B., Sheets T.J. 1991. Persistence of pesticides on tomato foliage and implications for control of tomato fruit worm. Journal of Economic Entomology 84 (3): 978–986. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/84....
 
39.
Wang S., Xu Y., Pan C., Jiang S., Liu F. 2007. Application of matrix solid-phase dispersion and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to fungicide residue analysis in fruits and vegetables. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 387 (2): 673–685. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216....
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345