ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Enhance resistance to Alternaria alternata causing potato brown leaf spot disease by using some plant defense inducers
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Pathology, Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan, 48824, USA
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mohammad Javad Soleimani
Department of Plant Pathology, Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan, 48824, USA
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2012;52(1):83–90
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Host resistance is an efficient and effective component in integrated management of plant diseases. The aim of this study was to test whether Acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM), Chitosan, Heads-up and Acetyl Salicylic Acid (ASA), known to induce resistance against various diseases, can help protect potato crop against brown leaf spot. The effect of these inducers, on two potato cultivars, Goldrush and FL1879 against Alternaria alternata, causal agent of brown leaf spot at two different field sites were evaluated. To determine the effects of the application of inducers on disease resistance, the foliage of the potato cultivars was sprayed with appropriate concentrations of ASA, chitosan, and ASM. Heads-up was also applied as a pre-plant treatment on potato tubers. The results obtained from the both field experiments indicated the highest yield performance was achieved in plots treated with ASM, followed by Heads-up and chitosan treat - ments. However, no significant difference in terms of tuber yield production has been noted between ASA treated potato foliage, and the untreated control plants. Results of experiments with detached leaves showed that there was a significant difference regarding disease index reduction between plots which been treated with defense inducers and untreated, inoculated plots. It was clear that on both potato cultivars, application of chitosan and ASM encouraged enhancement of the disease resistance compared to the ASA and Heads-up treatments. In the laboratory experiment, disease progress was recorded on leaves from three different heights of the crop canopy. The results indicated that disease severity was low in the apex, moderate in the middle and high in the lower parts of the crop, in both potato cultivars. These results suggest that chitosan and ASM may offer alternative methods for controlling brown leaf spot of potato
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (25)
1.
Andreu A.B., Guevara M.G., Wolski E.A., Daleo G.R., Caldiz D.O. 2006. Enhancement of natural disease resistance in potato by chemicals. Pest Manage. Sci. 26 (9): 162–170.
 
2.
Bokshi A.I., Morris S.C., Deverall B.J. 2003. Effects of benzothiadiazole and acetylsalicylic acid on β-1,3-glucanase activity and disease resistance in potato. Plant Pathol. 52 (1): 22–27.
 
3.
Durrant W.E., Dong X. 2004. Systemic acquired resistance. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 42: 185–209.
 
4.
El Ghaouth A., Arul J., Asselin A., Benhamou N. 1992. Antifungal activity of chitosan on post-harvest pathogens: induction of morphological and cytological alterations in Rhizopus stolonifer. Mycol. Res.96 (9): 769–779.
 
5.
El Ghaouth A., Ponnampalam R., Boulet M. 1991. Chitosan coating effect on storability and quality of fresh strawberries. J. Food Sci.56 (6): 1618–1621.
 
6.
Friedrich L., Lawton K., Ruess W., Manser P., Specker N., Rella M., Meier B., Dincher S., Staub T., Uknes S., Metraux J.P., Kessmann H., Ryals J.A. 1996. Benzothiadiazole derivative induces systemic acquired resistance in tobacco. Plant J. 10 (1): 61–70.
 
7.
Gorlach J., Volrath S., Knauf-Beiter G., Hengy G., Beckhove U., Kogel K.H., Oostendorp M., Staub T., Ward E., Kessmann H., Ryals J.A. 1996. Benzothiadiazole, a novel class of inducers of systemic acquired resistance, activates gene expression and disease resistance in wheat. The Plant Cell. 8 (4): 629–643.
 
8.
Goth R.W. 1997. A detached-leaf method to evaluate late blight resistance in potato and tomato. Am. Potato J. 74 (5): 347–352.
 
9.
Hadi M.R., Balali G.R. 2010. The effect of salicylic acid on the reduction of Rizoctonia solani damage in the tubers of marfona potato cultivar. American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci.: 492–496.
 
10.
Hammerschmidt R. 1999.Induced disease resistance: how do induced plants stop pathogens? Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 55: 77–84.
 
11.
Ishii H., Tomita Y., Horio T., Narusaka Y., Nakazawa Y., Nishimura K., Iwamoto S. 1999. Induced resistance of acibenzolarS-methyl (CGA-245704) to cucumber and Japanese pear diseases. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 105 (1): 77–85.
 
12.
Jansky S.H., Simon R., Spooner D.M. 2008. A test of taxonomic predictivity: resistance to early blight in wild relatives of cultivated potato. Phytopathology 98 (6): 680–687.
 
13.
Kendra F.D., Christian D., Hadwiger L.A. 1989. Chitosan oligomers from Fusarium solani/pea interactions, chitinase/β-glucanase digestion of sporelings and from fungal wall chitin actively inhibit fungal growth and enhance disease resistance. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 35 (3): 215–223.
 
14.
Liu P.P., von Dahli C.C., Park S.W., Klessig D.E. 2011. Interconnection between methyl salicylate and lipid-based long distance signaling during the development of systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis and tobacco. Plant Physiol. 155: 1762–1768.
 
15.
Nash A.F., Gardner R.G. 1988. Heritability of tomato early blight resistance derived from Lycopersicon hirsutumP.I. 126445. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci.113: 264–268.
 
16.
Ryals J., Uknes S., Ward E. 1994. Systemic acquired resistance. Plant Physiol. 104 (4): 1109–1112.
 
17.
Simmons E.G. 2000. Alternaria themes and variations (244–286): species on Solanacaeae. Mycotaxon.75: 1–115.
 
18.
Spletzer M.E., Enyedi A.J. 1999.Salicylic acid induces resistance to Alternaria solani in hydroponically grown tomato. Phytopathology89 (9): 722–727.
 
19.
Stevenson W.R., Loria R., Franc G.D., Weingartner D.P. 2001. Compendium of Potato Diseases. APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA, 106 pp.
 
20.
Tally A., Oostendorp M., Lawton K., Staub T., Bassi B. 1999. Commercial development of elicitors of induced resistance to pathogen. p. 357–369. In: “Induced Plant Defenses Against Pathogens and Herbivores” (A.A. Agrawal, S. Tuzun, E. Bent, eds.). APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA, 390 pp.
 
21.
Thomma B.P.H.J. 2003.Alternaria spp.: from general saprophyte to specific parasite. Mol. Plant Pathol. 4 (4): 225–236.
 
22.
Visker M.H.P.W., Keizer L.C.C.P., Budding D.J., van Loon L.C., Colon L.T., Struik P.C. 2003. Leaf position prevails over plant age and leaf age in reflecting resistance to late blight in potato. Phytopathology 93 (6): 666–674.
 
23.
Vleeshouwers V.G.A.A.,van Dooijewweert W.,Keizer L.C.P.,Sijpkes L., Govers F., Colon L.T. 1999. A laboratory assay for Phytophthora infestans resistance in various Solanum species reflects the field situation. Eur. J. Plant Pathol.105 (3): 241–250.
 
24.
Ward E., Uknes S., Williams S., Dincher S., Wiederhold D., Alexander D., Ahl-Goy P., Metraux J.P., Ryals J. 1991. Coordinate gene activity in response to agents that induce systemic acquired resistance. Plant Cell 3 (10): 1085–1094.
 
25.
White R.F.1979. Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) induces resistance to tobacco mosaic virus in tobacco. Virology 99 (2): 410–412.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345