Histological changes induced during the biotrophic phase of infection of three potato varieties by Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary
Astrid Elena Gaviria 1, A-D,F,   Luis Fernando Patiño 2, A-C,E-F,   Juan Gonzalo Morales 1, A,C-F  
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Departamento de Ciencias Agronómicas, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín, Medellin, Colombia
Ciencias Agrarias, Politécnico Colombano Jaime Isaza Cadavid, Medellin, Colombia
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Juan Gonzalo Morales   

Departamento de Ciencias Agronómicas, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín, Medellin, Colombia
Submission date: 2019-04-24
Acceptance date: 2019-06-03
Online publication date: 2020-01-22
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(4):465–478
In this study defense responses in three potato varieties with different levels of reaction to the late blight disease caused by Phytophthora infestans were analyzed after inoculation with the pathogen. In the resistant cv. Pastusa Suprema, increased intensity of H2O2 and callose deposit accumulation was observed beginning at 24 hours after inoculation, followed by a hypersensitive response at the inoculation points. In the moderately resistant cv. Diacol-Monserrate, the same responses were observed as in the resistant variety, but with less intensity over time. For the susceptible cv. Diacol-Capiro, the responses observed occurred later than in the other two varieties, subsequent to the advance of the pathogen over extensive necrotic areas. These results suggest that early, intense peroxide and callose accumulation and a hypersensitive response are associated with the observed resistance of the cv. Pastusa Suprema and cv. Diacol-Monserrate to P. infestans.
This research was funded by Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Medellín and Politécnico Colombiano Jaime Isaza Cadavid project code 2061080206. The experiments complied with the current laws of Colombia where they were performed.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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