How do mentha plants induce resistance against Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) in organic farming?
Sally Farouk Allam 1, A-B
Basem Abdel-Nasser Soudy 2, A-C  
Ahmed Salah Hassan 1, A-B,D-E
Doha Abo Baker 4, B,E-F
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Zoology and Agricultural Nematology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Applied Centre of Entomonematodes, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Pests and Plant Protection Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Department, Pharmaceutical and Drug Discovery Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Basem Abdel-Nasser Soudy   

Applied Centre of Entomonematodes, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Online publish date: 2018-10-10
Submission date: 2018-03-13
Acceptance date: 2018-07-24
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(3):265–275
Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) infesting many plants but Mentha viridis L., and Mentha piperita L., were low in number of infestation. Therefore the objective of this study was to identify the resistance of M. viridis and M. piperita plants against T. urticae by studying the external shape and internal contents of those plants. For morphological studies, dried leaves were covered with gold utilizing an Edwards Scan coat six sputter-coater. For histological studies, arrangements of Soft Tissue technique were used. For phytochemical studies, the plants were cut, dried and then high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used. While feeding the mites were collected from the area between oily glands, trichomes and respiratory stomata in both mint species. The most important leaf structures in aromatic plants are the oily glands found on the external part of the leaves (both upper and lower epidermis). The number of oil glands in M. viridis leaves was greater than in M. piperita; the trichomes on the epidermis of M. viridis were greater in number than in M. piperita; the spongy mesophyll in M. viridis was much thicker than in M. piperita. The essential oils in the leaves of both mint species contained 71 compounds representing 99.61% of the total oil constituents identified from M. viridis before infestation, and 90.95% after infestation, and about 99.65% from M. piperita before infestation, and 99.98% after infestation.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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