Sublethal effects of some synthetic and botanical insecticides on Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
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Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, 518 Rafsanjan, Iran
Department of Life Science Engineering, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, 14174 Tehran, Iran
Saeideh Esmaeily
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, 518 Rafsanjan, Iran
Submission date: 2013-11-11
Acceptance date: 2014-05-29
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2014;54(2):171–178
In addition to direct mortality caused by insecticides, some biological traits of insects may also be affected by sublethal insecticide doses. In this study, we used the age-stage, two-sex life table method to evaluate the sublethal effects of the four synthetic insecticides: abamectin, imidacloprid, diazinon, and pymetrozin as well as the botanical insecticide taken from Calotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae) extract, on eggs of the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Hem.: Aleyrodidae). The lowest and highest survival rates and oviposition periods were observed in whiteflies treated by diazinon and imidacloprid, respectively. We found significant differences in the net reproductive rate (R 0), the intrinsic rate of increase (r), the finite rate of increase (λ), and the gross reproductive rate (GRR) among different insecticides. Altogether, our results showed that pymetrozin and C. procera induced the most sublethal effects, thus they may be suitable candidates for use in integrated pest management programs of B. tabaci.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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