ORIGINAL ARTICLE
The process of aphid egg-laying and the little known role of the Coccinellidae in aphid egg destruction in Poland - preliminary results
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Environmental Protection and Landscape Preservation, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Konstantynów 1H, 20–708 Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Magdalena Lubiarz
Department of Environmental Protection and Landscape Preservation, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Konstantynów 1H, 20–708 Lublin, Poland
Submission date: 2014-01-31
Acceptance date: 2014-07-22
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2014;54(3):242–249
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
No detailed studies have been conducted in Poland with regard to aphid eggs or egg survival in particular. So far, no studies have been conducted concerning the role of ladybird beetles in reducing the number of aphid eggs in spring, before the development of leaves, and in autumn, after the leaves have been shed. At these times, other developmental stages of aphids are unavailable as food for the ladybirds. The paper presents the preliminary results of a three-year study on the process of aphid egg-laying (especially Chaetosiphon tetrarhodum, Macrosiphum rosae, Metopolophium dirhodum, and Maculolachnus submacula). The paper also deals with the little known role of ladybirds in aphid egg destruction. Research was conducted in Otrębusy (Western Mazovia), Poland, in the years 2008–2010, on the rugosa rose and on the dog rose. In the years 2011–2013, in Otrębusy, the occurrence of M. submacula was also observed on the ornamental grandiflora rose. Furthermore, in the years 2003–2004, observations were conducted on the pedunculate oak in Polesie National Park and in the town of Puławy (Lublin Region), Poland. The observations which took place in Puławy focused on egglaying of aphids representing the genera Phylloxera and Lachnus. The study investigated aphid oviposition sites. Data was collected on the number of aphid eggs noted on the studied plants. The study also showed, that sometimes winter eggs of aphids could provide nutrition for ladybirds. This was especially true in autumn when ladybird beetles were preparing for hibernation.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (39)
1.
Barczak T. 1986. Zimowanie mszycy trzmielinowo-burakowej Aphis fabae complex (Homoptera: Aphididae) a prognozowanie jej występowania. [Overwintering of black bean aphid Aphis fabae complex (Homoptera: Aphididae) and the prediction of its occurrence]. Ochrona Roślin 10: 9–11.
 
2.
Barczak T., Kaczorowski G,. Burmistrzak M. 1996. Coccinellid beetles (Coccinellidae, Coleoptera) associated with the population of Aphis fabae (Aphididae, Homoptera) on spindle bush – preliminary results. Aphids and other Homopterous Insects 5: 15–22.
 
3.
Blackman R.L., Eastop V.F. 1994. Aphids on the World’s Trees. CAB International in association with The Natural History Museum, Wallingford, 987 pp.
 
4.
Börner C., Heinze K. 1957. Aphidoidea. p. 1–402. In: „Handbuch der Pflanzenkrankheiten“ (P. Sorauer, ed.). Paul Parey, Berlin-Hamburg, Germany, 402 pp.
 
5.
Cichocka E. 1980. Mszyce roślin sadowniczych Polski. [Aphids on Fruit Plants in Poland]. PWN, Warszawa, 119 pp.
 
6.
Cichocka E. 1984. Cykle roczne i wpływ mszyc na rośliny żywicielskie. [Annual Cycles and the Impact of Aphids on Their Host Plants]. Wydawnictwo SGGW, Warszawa, 87 pp.
 
7.
Cichocka E. 1995. Przyczyny masowego wystąpienia mszyc w sadach w 1994 r. [The causes of numerous occurrence of aphids in orchards in 1994]. Sad Nowoczesny 3: 4–6.
 
8.
Cichocka E. 2007. Bionomy of Myzus cerasi (F.) on cherries and sweet cherries attached to a homestead gardens in the Mazowsze region. Aphids and other Hemipterous Insects 13: 115–120.
 
9.
Cichocka E., Goszczyński W. 1991. Mszyce zasiedlające drzewa przyuliczne w Warszawie. [Aphids inhabiting trees growing near streets in Warsaw]. p. 9–18. In: „Mszyce, ich bionomia, szkodliwość i wrogowie naturalni” [“Aphids – Their Biology, Harmfulness and Natural Enemies“]. Polska Akademia Nauk, Warszawa, Poland, 118 pp.
 
10.
Cichocka E., Jaśkiewicz B. 2003. Aphids inhabiting roses in different cultures in 1967–2003. Aphids and other Hemipterous Insects 9: 17–36.
 
11.
Cichocka E., Kropczyńska-Linkiewicz D., Czajkowska B., Goszczyński W. 1990. Ważniejsze szkodniki drzewostanu w miastach i czynniki wpływające na ich liczebność. [Major tree pests in the cities and the factors influencing their abundance]. p. 17–27. In: CPBB 04.10. Ochrona i kształtowanie środowiska przyrodniczego [Protection and Development of the Natural Environment]. Wyd. SGGW-AR, Warszawa, 22 (II).
 
12.
Dixon A.F.G. 2000. Insect Predator-Prey Dynamics. Ladybird Beetles and Biological Control. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 268 pp.
 
13.
Evans E.W. 2009. Lady beetles as predators of insects other than Hemiptera. Biol. Control 51 (2): 255–267. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2009.05.011.
 
14.
Gałecka B. 1986. Układ roślina żywicielska (Frangula alnus Mill.) – mszyce (Aphis frangulae Kalt.) w rejonie uprzemysłowionym ROW. [The relationship between host plant (Frangula alnus Mill.) and aphids (Aphis frangulae Kalt.) in the industrialized ROW region]. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 329: 27–40.
 
15.
Gospodarek J. 2012. Współwystępowanie drapieżców mszycy burakowej (Aphis fabae Scop.) na jaśminowcu. [Co-occurrence of predators of black bean aphid (Aphis fabae Scop.) on Philadelphus coronaries]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 52 (1): 20–25.
 
16.
Goszczyński W., Cichocka E. 1978. Mszyce żerujące na częściach podziemnych marchwi. [Aphids feeding on underground parts of carrot]. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol. 208: 45–65.
 
17.
Goszczyński W., Osak M. 2007. Sambucus nigra L. in Lublin area landscape and its aphid fauna. Aphids and other Hemipterous Insects 13: 107–114.
 
18.
Heinze K. 1962. Pflanzenschädliche Blattlausarten der Familien Lachnidae, Adelgidae und Phylloxeridae, eine systematische-faunistische Studie. Dt. Ent. Z. 9 (1–2): 143–227. DOI: 10.1002/mmnd.19620090108.
 
19.
Hodek I., Honěk A. 1996. Ecology of Coccinellidae. Springer Science + Business Media, Dordrecht, 458 pp.
 
20.
Hodek I., Honěk A. 2009. Scale insects, mealybugs, whiteflies and psyllids (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha) as prey of ladybirds. Biol. Control 51 (2): 232–243. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2009.05.018.
 
21.
Huculak S. 1966. Wpływ warunków środowiska na składanie jaj przez mszyce na jabłoniach. [Effects of environmental conditions on aphid oviposition on apple-trees]. Pol. Pismo Entomol., Seria B, 1–2 (41–42) 7: 109–113.
 
22.
Janiszewska-Cichocka E. 1970. Zur Biologie und Morphologie der Ulmenblattlaus, Eriosoma ulmi (Linnaeus, 1758) (Homoptera, Pemphigidae). Ann. Zool. 27 (10): 204–223.
 
23.
Jaśkiewicz B. 1986. Badania nad składem gatunkowym mszyc występujących na wybranych gatunkach krzewów ozdobnych w Parku Akademickim w Lublinie. [Studies on the aphid species composition on selected species of ornamental shrubs in the Academic Park of Lublin]. Folia Societatis Lublinensis, Biologia 28: 51–58.
 
24.
Karczewska M. 1964. Z badań nad mszycami Aphididae występującymi na jabłoniach. [Studies of aphid occurring on apple-trees]. Biuletyn IOR 26: 74–89.
 
25.
Karczewska M. 1965. Badania nad biologią mszyc (Aphididae) występujących na jabłoni. [Studies on the aphid (Aphididae) biology on apple-trees]. Pol. Pismo Entomol., Seria B, 3–4 (39–40) 16: 245–295.
 
26.
Karczewska M. 1969. Wyniki badań nad zachowaniem się mszyc (Homopt., Aphididae) na jabłoni w okresie jesiennym. [Results of investigations on the behavior of aphids (Homopt., Aphididae) on apple-trees in the autumn]. Pol. Pismo Entomol. 39 (1): 129–146.
 
27.
Kot I., Golan K. 2009. Monitorowanie zimujących form stawonogów na roślinach z rodziny Rosaceae. [Monitoring of wintering forms of arthropods on plants of the family Rosaceae]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 49 (1): 122–125.
 
28.
Lubiarz M. 2007a. Life cycle and number dynamics of Phylloxera sp. on pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) in industrial and protected areas. Aphids and other Hemipterous Insects 13: 137–144.
 
29.
Lubiarz M. 2007b. Dynamics of numbers and bionomy of Lachnus roboris (L.) on pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) in natural and degraded landscape. Aphids and other Hemipterous Insects 13: 129–135.
 
30.
Mrówczyński M., Wachowiak H. 2009. Mszyce – szkodniki zbóż. [Aphids – pests of cereals]. Wiadomości Rolnicze Polska 6 (58): 6.
 
31.
Müller F.P. 1976. Mszyce – szkodniki roślin. [Aphids – Pests of Plants]. PWN, Warszawa, 117 pp.
 
32.
Obrycki J.J., Harwood J.D., Kring T.J., O’Neil R.J. 2009. Aphidophagy by Coccinellidae: Application of biological control in agroecosystems. Biol. Control 51 (2): 244–254. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2009.05.009.
 
33.
Obrycki J.J., Kring T.J. 1998. Predaceous Coccinellidae in biological control. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 43: 295–321. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ento.43.1.295.
 
34.
Olszak R. 1974. Biedronki jako drapieżcy mszyc w sadach jabłoniowych. [Ladybird beetles as predators of aphids in apple orchards]. Pr. Inst. Sad. 4: 48–55.
 
35.
Rakauskas R., Rupais A. 1983. Biology of the greenapple aphid in Lithuania. Acta Entomologica Lithuanica 6: 20–30.
 
36.
Smolarz S. 1969. Biologia mszycy śliwowo-trzcinowej – Hyalopterus pruni (Geoffroy). Praca doktorska. [Biology of Mealy Plum Aphid – Hyalopterus pruni (Geoffroy). Ph.D. thesis]. Wyd. SGGW, Warszawa, 120 pp.
 
37.
Van Emden H.F., Harrington R. (eds.) 2007. Aphids as Crop Pests. CAB International, Wallingford, 717 pp.
 
38.
Wilkaniec B., Borowiak-Sobkowiak B. 2003. Overwintering of Myzus persicae on Black cherry (Prunus serotina). Aphids and other Hemipterous Insects 9: 189–192.
 
39.
Wilkaniec B., Piekarska-Boniecka H., Trzciński P., Borowiak-Sobkowiak B. 2003. Rozwój pokoleń jesiennych mszycy różano-szczeciowej, Macrosiphum rosae (L.). [Development of autumn generations of rose aphid, Macrosiphum rosae (L.)]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 43 (2): 1034–1037.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345