Biological control against the cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus chinensis L., Coleoptera: Bruchidae) using essential oils of some medicinal plants
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Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Science, Research Laboratory of Biological Systems and Geomatic, University of Mascara 29000, Algeria
Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Valorization of the Peoples Actions for the Protection of the Environment and Application in Public Health, University of Tlemcen 13000, Algeria
Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Diagonal, 645, 08028-Barcelona, Spain
Submission date: 2014-04-14
Acceptance date: 2014-07-18
Corresponding author
Righi Assia Fatiha
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Science, Research Laboratory of Biological Systems and Geomatic, University of Mascara 29000, Algeria
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2014;54(3):211-217
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is a valuable foodstuff but unfortunately this legume is prone to insect attacks from the chick pea weevil (Callosobruchus chinensis L.). This serious pest damages the chickpea and causes decreases in the yield and in the nutritional quality. Biological control is being used to deal with this problem. We tried different doses of the essential oils of three new medicinal plants, namely Salvia verbenaca L., Scilla maritima L., and Artemisia herba-alba Asso to limit the damage of the chick pea weevil pest, and to protect consumer’s health. To determine the effect and efficiency of the oil, the tests were conducted using the different biological parameters of fertility, longevity, and fecundity, under controlled temperature and relative humidity (28°C and 75%). The effectiveness of organic oils was demonstrated. We tested these oils on the germination of seeds. The obtained results showed that the tested plant oils have a real organic insecticide effect. The essential oil of Artemisia proved most effective as a biocide; achieving a mortality rate of 100%. A significant reduction in longevity was observed under the effect of 30 μl of S. maritima (1.3 days) and S. verbenaca (2.8, 4.6 days), respectively, for males and females compared to 8 and 15 days for the control. For fecundity, an inhibition of oviposition was obtained using 30 μl of Salvia and Scilla essential oils. The test on the seed germination using different essential oils, showed no damage to the germinating seeds. The germination rate was 99%. These findings suggest that the tested plants can be used as a bioinsecticide for control of the C. chinensis pest of stored products.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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