Log-linear and correspondence analysis of variability of weed infestation of several winter wheat cultivars in relation to tillage system and preceding crop stubble height
More details
Hide details
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute Department of Herbology and Soil Tillage Techniques Orzechowa 61, 50-540 Wrocław, Poland
Corresponding author
Ryszard Weber
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute Department of Herbology and Soil Tillage Techniques Orzechowa 61, 50-540 Wrocław, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2011;51(4):399-404
The objective of the study was to analyse the variability of the weed infestation of several winter wheat cultivars in rela- tion to the soil tillage system applied and to the height of preceding crop stubble. The study was conducted in the years 2008–2010 in Lower Silesia, Poland. The following factors were studied in the experiment: factor I – stubble height a/ short stubble (10 cm) b/ tall stubble (40 cm); factor II – soil tillage systems a/ no-till b/ reduced tillage c/ conventional tillage – ploughing; factor III – winter wheat cultivars a/ Mewa, b/ Rapsodia, c/ Legenda. After the harvest of the preceding crop, glyphosate was sprayed on plots with short and tall stubble, in the first 10-days of August. The number of weeds on each analysed plot was estimated at random, with the frame method. For statistical analysis, the 8 most frequent weed species were selected: Viola arvensis, Sinapsis arvensis, Lamium purpureum, Veronica persica , Apera spica-venti , Capsella bursa-pastoris , Anthemis arvensis and Geranium pusillum . Based on the log-linear analysis, it was deter - mined that V. arvensis and S. arvensis w ere the dominant weed species, whereas A. spica-venti and C. bursa-pastoris were characterised by significantly smaller numbers per 1 m 2 . Significantly greater weed infestation was observed on plots with tall stubble. Increased weed infestation of winter wheat was noted in the reduced tillage treatments compared to those with conventional tillage. Only the numbers of S. arvensis were considerably lower under the conditions of no-till than in the conventional or reduced tillage systems. Cultivar Mewa limited the number of weeds per unit of area to a significant degree, while cv. Legenda increased weed infestation.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Anderson R.L. 2004. Impact of subsurface tillage on weed dynamics in the central great plains. Weed Technol.18 (1): 184–192.
Cerdeira A.L., Duke S. O. 2006. The current status and environmental impacts of glyphosate-resistant crops. J. Environ. Qual. 35: 1633–1658.
Faltyn U., Kordas L. 2009. Wpływ uprawy roli i czynników regenerujących stanowisko na zachwaszczenie pszenicy jarej. Fragm. Agron. 26 (1): 19–24.
Gangwar K.S., Singh K.K., Dharma S.K., Tomar K. 2006. Alternative tillage and crop residue management in wheat after rice in sandy loam soils of Indo-Gangetic plains. Soil Tillage Res. 88 (1–2): 242–252.
Goodman L.A. 1979. Simple models for the analysis of association in cross – classifications having odered categories J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 74: 537–552.
Gawęda D. 2009. Wpływ międzyplonów ścierniskowych na zachwaszczenie pszenicy jarej uprawianej w monokulturze. Ann. UMCS Agric. 64 (3): 21–28.
Khaledian M.R., Mailhol J.C., Ruelle P., Mubarak I., Perret S. 2010. The impacts of direct seeding into mulch on the energy balance of crop production system in the SE of France. Soil Tillage Res. 106 (2): 218–226.
Köller K., Linke Ch. 2001. Erfolgreicher Acerbau ohne Pflug. Verlag DLG 7-173. Krawczyk R., Kubsik K., Kierzek R. 2009. Efektywność odchwaszczania pszenicy ozimej w warunkach różnych systemów agrotechniki i zmienności glebowej. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 49 (4): 1804–1809.
Kwiatkowski C. 2009. Struktura zachwaszczenia i produkcyjność biomasy pszenicy ozimej oraz chwastów w zależności od systemy następstwa roślin i sposobu pielęgnacji. Ann. UMCS Agricultura 64 (3): 69–78.
Nakamoto T., Yamagishi J., Miura F. 2006. Effekt of reduced tillage on weeds and soil organisms in winter wheat and summer maize cropping on Humic Andosoils in Central Japan. Soil Tillage Res. 85 (1): 94–106.
Ozpinar S. 2006. Effects of tillage systems on weed population and economics for winter wheat production under the Mediterranean dryland conditions. Soil Tillage Res. 87 (1): 1–8.
Preston C. 2004. Herbicide resistance in weeds endowed by enhanced detoxification: complications for management. Weed Sci. 52 (3): 448–453.
Ramsdale B.K., Kegode G.O., Messersmith C.G., Nalewaja J.D., Nord C.A. 2006. Long-term effects of spring wheat – soybean cropping systems on weed populations. Field Crops Res. 97 (2/3): 197–208.
Samarajeewa K.B.D.P., Horiuchi T., Oba S. 2005. Weed population dynamice in wheat as affected by Astragalus sinicus L. (Chinese milk vetch) under reduced tillage. Crop Protect. 24 (10): 864–869.
Sturny W.G., Chervet A., Maurer-Troxler C., Rasmuseier L, Müller M., Schafflützel R. 2007. Directsaat und pflug im systemvergleich – eine synthese. Agrar Forschung 14 (8): 350–357.
Tørresen K.S., Skuterud R., Tandsaether H.J., Hagemo M.B. 2003. Long-term experiments with reduced tillage in spring cereals. I. Effects on weed flora seed bank and grain yield. Crop Protect. 22 (1): 185–200.
Weber R. 2004. Zmienność plonowania odmian pszenicy ozimej w zależności od przedplonu i sposobu uprawy roli. Monografie i Rozprawy Naukowe IUNG, Wrocław 12: 5–88.
Wesołowski M., Bujak K. 2006. Wpływ uproszczeń w uprawie roli na zapas nasion chwastów w erodowanej glebie lessowej. Acta Agrobot. 59 (2): 353–363.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top