Prospects of mycoherbicides for control of broomrapes (Orobanche spp.) in Egypt
More details
Hide details
Plant Pathology Deptment National Research Centre Dokki, 12622, Giza, Egypt
Plant Pathology Deptment National Research Centre Dokki, 12622, Giza, Egypt
Corresponding author
Mokhtar M. Abdel-Kader
Plant Pathology Deptment National Research Centre Dokki, 12622, Giza, Egypt
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2009;49(1):63-75
Broomrapes (Orobanche spp.) are important parasitic weeds of peas, faba bean and tomatoes and other winter crops in Egypt. They are widespread and are major factors limiting production of these crops. From an extensive survey of Egyptian soils naturally infested with broomrapes, 42 isolates of fungi belonging to genera of Alternaria, Fusarium and Trichoderma were identified as pathogens of broomrapes under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. Three isolates of Trichoderma spp. including T. harzianum T1, T. harzianum T3 and T. viride T2 were further tested for control of Orobanche spp. in peas, faba bean and tomatoes under field conditions. Results of field studies showed that soil treatment with these three fungal agentsalone or soil treatment with fungal agents plus aerial spray of glyphosate (50 ppm) was effective in reducing infection of broomrapes and increasing yields of peas, faba bean and tomatoes. The prospect of developing T. harzianum T1, T. harzianum T3 and T. viride T2 as mycoherbicides for control of bromerapes of peas, faba bean and tomatoes in Egypt is discussed in this paper.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Abdel-Kader M.M. 1997. Field application of Tricholderma harzianum and biocide for control bean root rot disease. Egypt. J. Phytopathol.25: 19–25.
Abdel-Kader M.M. 1998. A new bacterial disease of Orobanche crenata and its preliminary evaluation as biological control measure. Egypt. J. Phytopathol. 26 (1): 29–36.
Abdel-Kader M.M. 1999. Preliminary trial for field application with mycoherbicides against Orobanche Renata Forsk. in pea field. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci.14: 301–310.
Abdel-Kader M.M., Diab M.M., Ismail B.R., Hassan E.A., Arafat K.H. 1996. In vitro test of different isolates of fungal genera for their pathogenicity against Orobanche spp. p. 907–911.
In: “Advances in Parasitic Plant Research” (M.T. Moreno, J.I. Cubero, D. Berner, D. Joel, L.J. Musselman, C. Parker, eds.). Proc. 6th International Parasitic Weed Symposium.Cordoba, Spain, April 16–18.
Abdel-Kader M.M., Ismail B.R., Diab M.M., Hassan E.A. 1998. Preliminary evaluation of some soilborne fungi parasitizing Orobanche crenata in greenhouse. p. 127–132. In: Proc. 6th Mediteranean symposium.EWRS, Montpellier, France, May 13–15.
Abdel-Kader M.M., El-Mougy N.S. 2001. Evaluation of different approaches of mycoherbicidal application for controlling Orobanche Renata in pea field. Egypt. J. Phytopathol.29: 69–82.
Abdel-Kader M.M., El-Mougy N.S. 2002. Integrated mycobiocides and certain herbicide against Orobanche crenata infestation in faba bean field .Egypt. J. Phytopathol. 30: 27–39.
Abdel-Kader M.M., El-Mougy N.S. 2007. Applicable control measure against Orobanche ramose in tomato plants. Austr. Plant Pathol. 36 (2): 160–164.
Allen O.N. 1961. Experiments on Soil Bacteriology. Burgess Publishing Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 261 pp.
Al-Menoufi O.A. 1986. Studies on Orobanche spp. 2: Fungi associated with Orobanche Renata Forsk. Alexandria J. Agric. Res.31 (2): 297–310.
Anonymous 1978. The American Type Culture Collection Catalogue of Strains. 13th ed. Maryland, 497 pp.
Anonymous 1994. Demonstration Book for Faba Bean Cultivation. Ministry of Agriculture, A.R.E. (in Arabic), 39 pp.
Anonymous 1998. Chemical weed control in faba bean. Highlights of back-up research, presented in the Annual Coordination Meeting of the Nile Valley and Red Sea Regional Program (NVRSRP). Cairo, 6–11 September, 1998. Agriculture Research Centre (ARC), Weed Control Research Section.
Anonymous 2000. Pest Management Program of Vegetables and Horticultural Crops. Ministry of Agriculture, ARE. (in Arabic), 190 pp.
ARC, Weed Control Research Section. 1998. Chemical weed control in faba bean. Highlights of back-up research, presented in the Annual Coordination Meeting of the Nile Valley and Red Sea Regional Program (NVRSRP). Cairo, 6–11 September, 1998.
Amselem Z., Kleifeld Y., Kereny Z., Hornok L., Goldwasser Y., Gressel J. 2001. Isolation, identification and activity of my coherbicidal pathogens from juvenile broomrape plants. Biol. Control. 21: 274–284.
Barloy J., Pelhate A.H. 1962. Preliminary observations on the parasites and diseases of hemp in Anjou. Ann. Epiphytopatol. 13: 117–149. (Horticulture Abstracts 32: Abstr. No.7160, 1963).
Barnett H.L., Hunter B.B. 1972. Illustrated Genera of Imperfect Fungi. Burgess Publ. Co., Minnesota, 241 pp.
Bedi J.S., Donchev N., Ransom J.K., Musselman L.J, Worsham A.D., Parker C. (eds.). 1991. Results on mycoherbicide control of sunflower broomrape (Orobanche cumanaWall.) under glasshouse and field conditions. Proc. 5th International Symposium of Parasitic Weeds. Nairobi, Kenya.
Bedi J.S., Pieterse A.H., Verkleij J.A.C., Ter-Borg S.J. (eds.). 1994. Further studies on control of sunflower broomrape with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Ortoceras a potential mycoherbicide. Biology and managemnt of Orobanche. Proc. 3th international workshop on orobanche and related striga research. Amsterdam, Netherlands: 539–544.
Bozoukov H., Kouzmnova I.. 1994. Biological Control of tobacco broomrape (Orobanche spp.) by mean of some fungi of the genus Fusarium. p. 534–538. In: “Biology and Manageent of Orobanche” (A.H. Pieterse, J.A.C. Verkleij, S.J. Ter-Borg, eds.). Proc. 3th International workshop on Orobanche, and related Striga Research. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Royal Tropical Institute.
Chastanger G.A., Ogawa J.M. 1979. A fungicide wax treatment to suppress Botrytis cinerea and protect fresh-market tomatoes. Phytopathology 69: 59–63.
Duafala T., Gold A.H., Sagen J., Wilhein S. 1975. Apparent biological control of branched broomrape Orobanche ramose. Proc. The American Phytopathol. Soc., p.113.
Duafala T., Wilhein S., Gold A.H., Sagen J. 1976. Rhizoctonia disease of broomrape, a possible biological control. Proc. The American Phytopathol. Soc.3, p. 272.
Epple R., Norris R. 1996. A management strategy for parasitic weeds. p. 755–759. In: Advances in Parasitic Plant Research. Proc. 6th International parasitic weeds symposium. M.T. Musselman and C.Parker (eds.). Cordoba, Spain.
Foy C.L., Jan R., Jacobsohn R. 1989. Recent approaches for chemical control of broomrape (Orobanche spp.). Rev. Weed Sci.4: 123–152.
Garcia-Torres L., Lopez-Granados F., Jurado-Exposito M., Diaz-Sanchez J. 1998. The present state of Orobanche spp. infestation in Andalusia and the prospects for its management. Proc. 6th Mediterranean Symposium, EWRS, Montpellier, France: 141–145.
Gilman J.C. 1957 A Manual of Soil Fungi. The Iowa State College Press Ames. Iowa, 450 pp.
Gronwald J.W., Plaisance K.L., Johnson D.R., Wyse D.L. 1998. Pseudomonas syringae pv. Tagetis as biological control agent for weeds: population dynamics in leaves of host and non host species. Proc. 7th International Congress of Plant Pathology (No. 2.10.21). Edinburgh, Scotland, August 9–16.
Ibrahim A.S.A. 1997. Physiological studies on Orobanche parasitism of broad bean. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. Agric. Cairo Univ., 139 pp.
ICARDA/IFAD Nile Valley Project. 1983. Faba bean in the Nile valley. p. 60–68. In: Report on the First Phase of the ICARDA/IFAD Nile Valley Project (1979–1982) (M.C. Saxema, R.A. Stewart, eds.).
Kharat M., Halila M.H., Beniwal S.P.S. 1994. Parasitism of two faba bean varieties as affected by different seed inoculum levels of Orobanche crenata and O. foetida. p. 342–348. In: “Biology and Management of Orobanche” (A.H Pieterse, J.A.C. Verkleij, S.J Ter-Borg, eds.). Proc. 3th International Workshop on Orobanche and Related Striga Research. Amsterdam. The Netherlands Royal Tropical Institute, november 8–12.
Kiraly Z., Klemet Z. Solymosy F., Voros J. 1974. Methods in Plant Pathology with Special Reference to Breeding for Disease Resistance. Budapest, Akademiai, Kiado, 509 pp.
Korashi A.A., El-borollosy M., Hassan E.A., Abo-Suoud M.R., Zain El-Deen R., Koraim A. 1996. Hosts of Orobanche spp. and yield losses in Delta and upper Egypt. p. 487-491. In: “Advances in Parasitic Plant Research” (M.T. Moreno, J.I. Cubero) Proc. 6th International Parasitic Weed Symposium. Musselman M.T., Parker C. (eds.), Cordoba, Spain, April 16–18.
Labrada R., Moran V.C., Hoffman J.H. 1996. The importance of biological control for the reduction of the incidence of major weeds in developing countries. Proc. 9th International symposium on biological control of weeds. South Africa: 287–290.
Lolas P.C. 1994. Herbicides for control of broomrape (Orobanche ramosa L.) in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Weed Res.43: 205–209.
Louw H., Webly D.W. 1959. The bacteriology of root region of the oat plant grown under controlled pot culture conditions. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 22: 216–226.
Murasheva V.N. 1995. Biological peculiarities and identification of the broomrape fusariosis agent. Mikolog. Fitopatol. 29: 53–85.
Murasheva V.N., Sizova T.P. 1995. Consequences of applying the causal agent of Fusarium wilt of broomrape to soil. Mikol. Fitopatol.29: 41–45.
Papavizas G.C. 1982. Survival of Trichoderma harzianum in soil and in pea and bean rhizospheres. Phytopathology 72: 121–125.
Parker C. 1986. Scope of agronomic problems caused by Oro banche species. p. 11–17. In: “Proceedings, Workshop on Biology and Control of Orobanche” (S.J. Ter-Borg, ed.). LH/VPO, Wageningen, January 13–17.
Parker C., Wilson A.K. 1986. Parasitic weeds and their control in the Near East. FAO Plant Protection Bull. 34: 83–98.
Parker C., Riches C. 1993. Parasitic Weeds of the World: Biology and Control. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, 332 pp.
Petzoldt K., Nemli, Y., Sneyd J., Pietrse A.H., Verkleij J.A.C., Borg S.J-ter. (eds.). 1993. Biology and management of Orobanche. Proc. 3rd International Workshop on Orobanche and related Striga Research. Amsterdam, Netherlands, Royal Tropical Institute: 442–449.
Pieterse A.H., Gatcia-Torres L., Al-Menoufi O.A., Linke K.H., Ter-Borg, S.J., Muehlbaur F.J., Kaiser W.J. (eds.). 1992. Integrated control of parasitic angionsperm orobanche (broomrape). p. 695–702. In: “Expanding the Production and Use of Cool Season Food Legumes”. Proc. 2th International food legume research confernce on pea, lentil, faba bean, chickpea and grasspea. Cairo, Egypt, April 12–16.
Raju C.A. 1996. Studies on chemical control of Orobanche cerma in tobacco fields. p. 739–745. In: “Advances in Parasitic Plant Research”. Proc. 6th International Parasitic weeds symposium (M.T. Motemo, J.I. Cubero, D. Berner, L.J. Musselman,.
C. Parker, eds.). Cordoba, Spain, April 16–18.
Steel R.G.D., Torrie J.H. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., 481 pp.
Talsakh Yan M.G., Grigoryan S.V. 1978. Fungi found on broomrape in the Armenian SSR, USSR. Weeds Abstr., 28, p. 1063 (1979).
Thomas H., Sauerborn J., Muller-Stover D., Ziegler A., Bedi J.S., Kroschel J. 1998. The potential of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ortoceras as a biological control agent for Orobanche Rumuna in sunflower. Biol. Control 13: 41–48.
Thomas H., Sauerborn J., Muller-Stover, Kroschel J. 1999a. Fungi of Orobanche aegyptica in Nepal with potential as biological control agents. Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 9: 379–381.
Thomas H., Heller A., Sauerborn J., Muller-Stover D. 1999b. Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. orthoceras, a potential mycoherbicide, parasitizes seeds of Orobanche cumuna(sunflower broomrape): a cytological study. Ann. Botany (London) 83: 453–458.
Vouzounis N.A., Americanos P.G. 1998. Control of Orobanche (broomrape) in tomato and eggplant. Techn. Bull. Cyprus Agricul. Res. Inst.196: 1–7.Worthing C.R. 1991. The Pesticide Manual “A World Compendium”. The British Crop Production Council: 459–461.
Zaitoun F.M.F. 1990. Studies on the Resistance and Susceptibility of Broad Bean (Vicia faba L.) to Broomrape (Orobanche renata Forsk.). Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. Agric. Alexandria Univ. Cairo, 148 pp.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top