• Combined oat-rapeseed-sorghum extract (PWE) contains various phytochemicals including flavonoids, polyphenols, and terpenoids
  • D-Limonene and gamma-terpinene were the major allelochemicals in the extract
  • PWE has been reported as a potent germination and growth inhibitor of wild mustard
  • PWE can be used as a potential weed management strategy to reduce the Corum herbicide dose in faba bean fields
The aim of this study was to investigate qualitative and quantitative chemical compounds of plant water extract (PWE), and the reduction potential of Corum herbicide (bentazone and imazamox) doses using PWE for weed control in faba bean fields. Chemical analysis revealed the presence of diverse allelochemicals including polyphenols, flavonoids, and terpenoids. The field experiment results showed clear differences between the measured traits in response to the applied treatments. The application of Corum at 1.5 l · ha–1, at 0.75 l · ha–1, and at 0.75 l · ha–1 + PWE significantly reduced weed density and biomass, with a weed control efficiency of 75.5–78.4, 57.4–53.3 and 68.2–56.9% during the first-second cropping seasons, respectively. Meanwhile, Corum at 1.5 l · ha–1 and at 0.75 l · ha–1 + PWE treatments guaranteed approximately the same yield components and improved the faba bean yield (Q · ha–1) by 65 and 40% in 2018–2019 and by 91 and 85% in 2019–2020, respectively. Therefore, the results suggest that PWE in combination with a lower herbicide dose (up to 50%) could be used as a potential weed management strategy in faba bean. Further research is required to understand the phytotoxic mechanisms of the studied extract-herbicide mixtures and their modes of action.
The authors would like to thank the Regional Center of Interface, University Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Fez (Morocco) for providing the GC-MS analysis. The authors also wish to thank the central research laboratory of the National School of Agriculture, Meknes (Morocco) for providing the FTIR analysis.
Kinga Matysiak
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Adusei S., Otchere J.K., Oteng P., Mensah R.Q., Tei-Mensah E. 2019. Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant and metal chelating capacity of Tetrapleura tetraptera. Heliyon 5 (11): e02762. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heli....
Ahmed M., Ji M., Qin P., Gu Z., Liu Y., Sikandar A., Iqbal M.F., Javeed A. 2019. Phytochemical screening, total phenolic and flavonoids contents and antioxidant activities of Citrullus colocynthis L. and Cannabis sativa L. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17 (3): 6961–6979. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/....
Ajani O.O., Owoeye T.F., Akinlabu K.D., Bolade O.P., Aribisala O.E., Durodola B.M. 2021. Sorghum extract: Phytochemical, proximate, and GC-MS analyses. Foods and Raw Materials 9 (2): 371–378. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21603/2308-....
Alam E.A., El-Nuby A.S.M. 2019. Phytochemical and antinematodal screening on water extracts of some plant wastes against Meloidogyne incognita. International Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 10: 1–16.
Alsaadawi I.S., Khaliq A., Farooq M. 2020. Integration of allelopathy and less herbicides effect on weed management in field crops and soil biota: a review. Plant Archives 20 (2): 225–237.
Baker C., Madakadze I.C., Swanepoel C.M., Mavunganidze Z. 2018. Weed species composition and density under conservation agriculture with varying fertiliser rates. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 35 (5): 329–336.
Beckie H.J., Kirkland K.J. 2003. Implication of reduced herbicide rates on resistance enrichment in wild oat (Avena fatua). Weed Technology 17: 138–148. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/0890-0....
Bhadoria P.B.S. 2011. Allelopathy: a natural way towards weed management. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1 (1): 7–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/AJEA/2....
Blackshaw R.E., O’donovan J.T., Harker K.N., Clayton G.W., Stougaard R.N. 2006. Reduced herbicide doses in field crops: a review. Weed Biology and Management 6 (1): 10–17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445....
Bodede O., Mabelebele M. 2022. Physical characteristics, nutritional composition and phenolic compounds of some of the sorghum landraces obtained in South Africa. Food Research 6 (4): 312–328. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26656/en.20....
Broadhurst R.B., Jones W.T. 1978. Analysis of condensed tannins using acidified vanillin. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 29 (9): 788–794. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2....
Busi R., Gaines T.A., Walsh M.J., Powles S.B. 2012. Understanding the potential for resistance evolution to the new herbicide pyroxasulfone: field selection at high doses versus recurrent selection at low doses. Weed Research 52 (6): 489–499. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365....
Carrubba A., Labruzzo A., Comparato A., Muccilli S., Spina A. 2020. Use of plant water extracts for weed control in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. Subsp. durum Desf.). Agronomy 10 (3): 364. https://doi.org/10.3390/agrono....
Castiglioni S., Astolfi P., Conti C., Monaci E., Stefano M., Carloni P. 2019. Morphological, physicochemical and FTIR spectroscopic properties of bee pollen loads from different botanical origin. Molecules 24 (21) : 3974. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecu....
Chaïb S., Pistevos J.C., Bertrand C., Bonnard I. 2021. Allelopathy and allelochemicals from microalgae: An innovative source for bio-herbicidal compounds and biocontrol research. Algal Research 54: 102213. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alga....
Cheema Z.A., Khichi A.H., Khaliq A. 2005. Feasibility of reducing herbicide dose in combination with sorgaab for weed control in transplanted fine rice (Oryza sativa L.). International Journal of Agriculture Biology 7 (6): 892–894.
Dawood M.G. 2018 Weed management, folic acid and seaweed extract effects on Faba bean plants and associated weeds under sandy soil conditions. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal 19 (5): 27–34.
Dhivya K.K.S. 2017. Screening of phytoconstituents, UV-VIS Spectrum and FTIR analysis of Micrococca mercurialis (L.) Benth. International Journal of Herbal Medicine 5 (6): 40–44.
Farooq M., Jabran K., Cheema Z.A., Wahid A., Siddique K.H. 2011. The role of allelopathy in agricultural pest management. Pest Management Science 67 (5): 493–506.
Georgiev R., Ivanov I.G., Ivanova P., Tumbarski Y, Kalaydzhiev H, Dincheva IN, Badjakov I.K., Chalova VI. 2021. Phytochemical profile and bioactivity of industrial rapeseed meal ethanol-wash solutes. Waste and Biomass Valorization 12 (9): 5051–5063. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649....
Ghimire B.K., Hwang M.H., Sacks E.J., Yu C.Y., Kim S.H., Chung I.M. 2020. Screening of allelochemicals in Miscanthus sacchariflorus extracts and assessment of their effects on germination and seedling growth of common weeds. Plants 9 (10): 1313. DOI: https://doi.org/3390/plants910....
Gianessi L.P. 2013. The increasing importance of herbicides in worldwide crop production. Pest Management Science 69 (10): 1099–1105. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.359....
Godlewska K., Ronga D., Michalak I. 2021. Plant extractsimportance in sustainable agriculture. Italian Journal of Agronomy 16 (2): 1–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.20....
Hajjaj B., Mrabet R., Bouhache M., Taleb A., Douaik A. 2016. Efficacité de quelques séquences d’herbicides contre les mauvaises herbes du pois chiche et de la féverole conduite en semis direct. Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires 4 (3): 37–47.
Hayat J., Akodad M., Moumen A., Baghour M., Skalli A., Ezrari S., Belmalha S. 2020. Phytochemical screening, polyphenols, flavonoids and tannin content, antioxidant activities and FTIR characterization of Marrubium vulgare L. from 2 different localities of Northeast of Morocco. Heliyon 6 (11): e05609. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heli....
Heap I. 2021. The International Herbicide-Resistant Weed Database [Available on: http://www.weedscience.org/Hom....] [Accessed on: Wednesday, February 17, 2021].
Herawati E., Ramadhan R., Ariyani F., Marjenah M., Kusuma I.W., Suwinarti W., Mardji D., Amirta R., Arung E.T. 2021. Phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity of wild mushrooms growing in tropical regions. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversit 22 (11): 4716–4721. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13057/biodi....
Hmid I. 2013. Contribution à la valorisation alimentaire de la grenade marocaine (Punica granatum L.): Caractérisation physicochimique, biochimique et stabilité de leur jus frais. Doctoral dissertation, Université d’Angers 1–177.
Hussain M.I., Danish S., Sánchez-Moreiras A.M., Vicente Ó., Jabran K., Chaudhry U.K., Branca F., Reigosa M.J. 2021. Unraveling sorghum allelopathy in agriculture: concepts and implications. Plants 10 (9): 1795. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants....
Iqbal J., Cheema Z.A., Mushtaq M.N. 2009. Allelopathic crop water extracts reduce the herbicide dose for weed control in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). International Journal of Agriculture Biology 11 (4): 360–366.
Jabran K., Cheema Z.A., Farooq M., Basra S.M.A., Hussain M., Rehman H. 2008. Tank mixing of allelopathic crop water extracts with pendimethalin helps in the management of weeds in Canola (Brassica napus) field. International Journal of Agriculture Biology 10: 293–296.
Jabran K., Cheema Z.A., Farooq M., Hussain M. 2010. Lower doses of pendimethalin mixed with allelopathic crop water extracts for weed management in canola (Brassica napus L.). International Journal of Agriculture Biology 12 (3): 335–340.
Jabran K., Mahajan G., Sardana V., Chauhan B.S. 2015. Allelopathy for weed control in agricultural systems. Crop Protection 72: 57–65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crop....
Jing W.G., Fu J., Guo Y., Liu A. 2015. Phytochemical screening of flavonoids with their antioxidant activities from rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Phytochemistry Letters 13: 239–245. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phyt....
Karkanis A., Ntatsi G., Lepse L., Fernández J.A., Vågen I.M., Rewald B., Alsiņa I., Kronberga A., Balliu A., Olle M., Bodner G., Dubova L., Rosa E., Savvas D. 2018. Faba bean cultivation–revealing novel managing practices for more sustainable and competitive European cropping systems. Frontiers in Plant Science 1115. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2....
Karumi Y. 2004. Identification of Active Principles of M. balsamina (Balsam Apple) Leaf Extract Y. Karumi, PA. Onyeyili and VO Ogugbuaja. Journal of Medical Sciences 4 (3): 179–182.
Khaliq A., Matloob A., Khan M.B., Tanveer A. 2013. Differential suppression of rice weeds by allelopathic plant aqueous extracts. Planta Daninha 31 (1): 21–28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-....
Khan S.A., Khan S.B., Khan L.U., Farooq A., Akhtar K., Asiri A.M. 2018. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy: fundamentals and application in functional groups and nanomaterials characterization. p. 317–344. In: “Handbook of Materials Characterization” (Sharma S., ed.). Springer, Cham. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-....
Kubiak A., Wolna-Maruwka A., Niewiadomska A., Pilarska A.A. 2022. The problem of weed infestation of agricultural plantations vs. the assumptions of the European biodiversity strategy. Agronomy 12 (8): 1808. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agrono....
Miri H.R., Armin M. 2013. The use of plant water extracts in order to reduce herbicide application in wheat. European Journal of Experimental Biology 3 (5): 155–164.
Naeem M., Farooq S., Hussain M. 2022. The impact of different weed management systems on weed flora and dry biomass production of barley grown under various barley-based cropping systems. Plants 11 (6): 718. DIO: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants....
Naseem M., Aslam M., Ansar M., Azhar M. 2009. Allelopathic effects of sunflower water extract on weed control and wheat productivity. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research 15 (1): 107–116.
Naumann A., Heine G., Rauber R. 2010. Efficient discrimination of oat and pea roots by cluster analysis of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra. Field Crops Research 119 (1): 78–84. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.....
Nortjie E., Basitere M., Moyo D., Nyamukamba P. 2022. Extraction methods, quantitative and qualitative phytochemical screening of medicinal plants for antimicrobial textiles: a review. Plants 11 (15): 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants....
Pagare S., Bhatia M., Tripathi N., Pagare S., Bansal Y.K. 2015. Secondary metabolites of plants and their role: Overview. Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy 9 (3): 293–304.
Pannacci E., Tei F., Guiducci M. 2017. Mechanical weed control in organic winter wheat. Italian Journal of Agronomy 12 (900): 336–342. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.20....
Rahamouz-Haghighi S., Bagheri K., Sharafi A., Tavakolizadeh M., Mohsen-Pour N. 2022. Phytochemical screening and Cytotoxicity assessment of Plantago lanceolata L. root extracts on Colorectal cancer cell lines and Brine shrimp larvae and determination of the median lethal dose in mice. South African Journal of Botany 149: 740–47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb....
Reddy P.P. 2017. Allelopathy. p. 273–293. In: “Agro-Ecological Approaches to Pest Management for Sustainable Agriculture”. Springer, Singapore. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-98....
Rigon J.P., Capuani S., Cherubin M.R., Wastowski A.D., Da Rosa G.M. 2012. Allelopathic effects of aqueous extract of Brassica napus on germination of seeds of Phaseolus vulgaris. Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Agrárias 7 (3): 451–455. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5039/agrari....
Roghini R., Vijayalakshmi K. 2018. Phytochemical screening, quantitative analysis of flavonoids and minerals in ethanolic extract of Citrus paradisi. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 9 (11): 4859–4864.
Salami M., Heidari B., Tan H. 2023. Comparative profiling of polyphenols and antioxidants and analysis of antiglycation activities in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) under different moisture regimes. Food Chemistry 399: 133946. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.food....
Sharma A., Kumar V., Shahzad B., Tanveer M., Sidhu G.P.S., Handa N., Ramakrishnan M., Kumar S., Bhardwaj R., Thukral A.K. 2019. Worldwide pesticide usage and its impacts on ecosystem. SN Applied Sciences 1: 1–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452....
Shewry P.R., Piironen V., Lampi A.M., Nystrom L., Li L., Rakszegi M., Fraś A., Boros D., Ward J.L. 2008. Phytochemical and fiber components in oat varieties in the HEALTHGRAIN diversity screen. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 (21): 9777–9784. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf8018....
Singleton V.L., Orthofer R., Lamuela-Raventós R.M. 1999. [14] Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology 299: 152–178. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-....
Susilo E., Setyowati N., Nurjannah U., Riwandi Muktamar Z. 2021. The inhibition of seed germination treated with water extract of sorghum (sorghum bicolor, L.) cultivated in histosols. International Journal of Agricultural Technology 17 (6): 2385–2402.
Tanji A., Elbilali T. 2018. Bentazone + imazamox : un nouvel herbicide pour le désherbage des fèves, fèveroles et petits pois. Compte Rendus de l’Onzième Congrès de l’Association Marocaine de Protection des plantes, Rabat, Maroc: 431–438.
Thummajitsakul S., Samaikam S., Tacha S., Silprasit K. 2020. Study on FTIR spectroscopy, total phenolic content, antioxidant activity and anti-amylase activity of extracts and different tea forms of Garcinia schomburgkiana leaves. LWTFood Science and Technology 134: 110005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.....
Tubeileh A.M., Souikane R.T. 2020. Effect of olive vegetation water and compost extracts on seed germination of four weed species. Current Plant Biology 22: 100150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpb.....
Tursun N., Işık D., Demir Z., Jabran K. 2018. Use of living, mowed, and soil-incorporated cover crops for weed control in apricot orchards. Agronomy 8 (8): 150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/agrono....
Valenzuela E.I., Prieto-Davó A., López-Lozano N.E., Hernández-Eligio A., Vega-Alvarado L., Juárez K., García--González A.S., López M.J., Cervantes F.J. 2017. Anaerobic methane oxidation driven by microbial reduction of natural organic matter in a tropical wetland. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 83 (11): e00645. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.006....
Verma P., Blaise D., Sheeba J.A., Manikandan A. 2021. Allelopathic potential and allelochemicals in different intercrops for weed management in rainfed cotton. Current Science 120 (6): 1035. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18520/cs/v1....
Véronique F.S., Elisée T.S., Loe E., Marie G., Teclaire N.F., Denis B.H., Mvomo M., Deschamps B. 2021. Phytochemical screening and study of the acute oral toxicity of the aqueous extract of the leaves of Diospyros hoyleana F. white (Ebenaceae). Saudi Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 4929: 230–235. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36348/sjmps....
Xochitl A.F., Rosalía R.C., Minerva R.G., Mendoza-Sánchez M., Mora O., Pérez-Ramírez I.F. 2021. Polyphenols and avenanthramides extracted from oat (Avena sativa L.) grains and sprouts modulate genes involved in glucose and lipid metabolisms in 3T3 L1 adipocytes. Journal of Food Biochemistry 45 (6): e13738. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.1....
Ying D., Hlaing M.M., Lerisson J., Pitts K., Cheng L., Sanguansri L., Augustin M.A. 2017. Physical properties and FTIR analysis of rice-oat flour and maize-oat flour based extruded food products containing olive pomace. Food Research International 100: 665–673. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.food....
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top