Residual toxicity of some pesticides on the larval ectoparasitoid, Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
More details
Hide details
Young Researchers Club, Parsabad Moghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, 5691853356, Parsabad, Iran
Submission date: 2012-10-16
Acceptance date: 2012-11-16
Corresponding author
Vahid Mahdavi
Young Researchers Club, Parsabad Moghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, 5691853356, Parsabad, Iran
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2013;53(1):27-31
Habrobracon hebetor Say is an idiobiont and gregarious larval ectoparasitoid of many moths. In this study, the effects of field recommended concentrations (FRC) of seven biorational and conventional pesticides in cotton fields (imidacloprid, thiacloprid, deltamethrin, thiodicarb, carbaryl, abamectin and spinosad) were studied on the larval ectoparasitoid, H. hebetor. Exposure cages were used for the bioassay experiments. The experiments were carried out in the laboratory at 26±1°C, 60±5% relative humidity (RH) and with a photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D). Experiments were done in three replications. The results showed that all pesticide treatments had significant differences compared to the control treatment. The results also showed that synthetic and biorational pesticides had lower toxicity than conventional pesticides. We demonstrated that imidacloprid and thiacloprid had lower adverse effects on the parasitoid and could be used as compatible chemical materials with the parasitoid in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Abedi Z. 2012. Lethal and sub-lethal effects of azadiactin, pyridalil, cypermethrin and methoxyfenozide on biological parameters of Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hym.: Braconidae). M.Sc. thesis, University of Maragheh, Iran, 104 pp.
Attaran M.R. 1996. Effects of laboratory hosts on biological attributes of parasitoid wasp Bracon hebetor Say. M.Sc. thesis. Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran, 74 pp.
Baker J.E., Weaver D.K., Throne J.E., Zettler J.L. 1995. Resistance to protectantinsecticides in two field strains of the stored-products insect parasitoid, Bracon hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 88 (3): 512–519.
Banks J.E., Stark J.D. 1998. What is Ecotoxicology? An Ad-Hoc Grab Bag or an Iterdisciplinary Science? Integrative Biol. 1 (5): 195–204.
Capinera J.L. 2004. Encyclopedia of entomology. Kluwer Academic, New York, 4346 pp.
Croft B.A. 1990. Arthropod Biological Control Agents and Pesticides. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 723 pp.
Dent D. 1995. Integrated Pest Management. Chapman and Hall, London, 356 pp.
Dweck H.K.M., Gadallah N.S., Darwish E. 2008. Structure and sensory equipment of the ovipositor of Habrobracon hebetor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Micron 39 (8): 125–126.
Endo S., Tsurumachi M. 2001. Insecticide susceptibility of the brown planthopper and the white-back planthopper collected from Southeast Asia. J. Pestic. Sci. 26 (1): 82–86.
Faal-MohammadAli H. 2010. The sub-lethal effects of chlorpyrifos and fenpropatrin on the biological parameters and functional response of Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera:Braconidae) in the laboratory condition. M.Sc. thesis, Shahid Chamran Ahvaz University, Khozestan, Iran, 128 pp.
Farid A. 1986. Study of bollworm Heliothis armigera (Hub.) on tomato in Jyroft and Khnuj. Appl. Entomol. Phytopathology 54: 15–24.
Fitt G.P. 1989. The ecology of Heliothis species in relation to agro-ecosystems. Annul. Rev. Entomol. 34: 17–52.
Heimpel G.H., Antolin M.F., Franqui R.A., Strand M.R. 1997. Reproductive isolation and genetic variation between two “strains” of Bracon hebetor (Hym: Braconidae). Biol. Control. 9 (3): 149–156.
Hooshmandi M., Alichi M., Minaei K., Aleosfoor M. 2012. Toxicity estimation of insect growth regulators insecticides (IGR); match, lufox and calypso on adult parasitoid wasp (Habrobracon hebetor) (Hym. Braconidae) under laboratory condition. In proceedings of the 20th Iranian Plant Protection congrees. University of Shiraz, Fars, Iran, 25–28 August, 381 pp.
Jepson P.C. 1989. The temporal and spatial dynamics of pesticide side-effects on non-target invertebrates. p. 95–128. In: “Pesticides and Non-Target Invertebrates” (P.C. Jepson, ed.). Wimborne: Intercept Ltd., 240 pp.
Navaei A.N., Taghizadeh M., Javanmoghaddam H., Oskoo T., Attaran M.R. 2002. Efficiency of parasitoid wasps, Trichogramma pintoii and Habrobracon hebetor against Ostrinia nubilalis and Helicoverpa sp. On maize in Moghan. In: Proc. 15th Iranian plant protection congress. Razi University of Kermanshah, Iran, 7–11 September, 327 pp.
Rafiee-Dastjerdi H., Hejazi M.J., Nouri-Ghanbalani G., Saber M. 2008. Toxicity of some biorational and conventional insecticides to cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its ectoparasitoid, Habrobracon hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). J. Entomol. Soc. Iran 28: 27–37.
Rafiee-Dastjerdi H., Hejazi M.J., Nouri-Ganbalani G.H., Saber M. 2009. Effects of Some Insecticides on Functional Response of Ectoparasitoid, Habrobracon hebetor (Say) (Hym.: Braconidae). J. Entomol. 6 (3): 161–166.
Rasool Khan R., Ashfaq M., Rana SH.A. 2005. Some studies on the toxicity of conventional and new chemistry insecticides against Bracon hebetor Say (Hym.: Braconidae) under laboratory conditions. Pak. Entomol. 27 (1): 19–21.
Rosenheim J.A., Hoy M.A. 1988. Sublethal effects of pesticides on the parasitoid Aphytis melinus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 81 (2): 476–483.
Saber M., Hejazi M.J., Kamali K., Moharramipour S. 2005. Lethal and sub-lethal effects of fenitrothion and deltamethrin residues on the egg parasitoid Trissolcus grandis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 98 (1): 35–40.
Sarmadi S. 2008. Laboratory investigation on lethal and sublethal effects of imidacloprid, indoxacarb and deltamethrin on parasitoid wasp Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). M.Sc. thesis, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran, 103 pp.
SAS Institute. 2002. The SAS System for Windows. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, 58 pp.
Sigsgaard L., Greenstone M.H., Duffield S.J. 2002. Egg cannibalism in Helicoverpa armigera on sorghum and pigeonpea. Biol. Control. 47 (2): 151–165.
Soomro M.H., Khalid S., Aslam M. 1992. Outbreak of banana bunchy top virus in Sindh, Pakistan. FAO Tech. Plant Prot. Bull. 40 (3): 5–99.
Tanaka K., Endo S., Kazano H. 2000. Toxicity of insecticides to predators or rice. planthoppers: spiders, the mirid bug and the dryinid wasp. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 35 (1): 177–187.
Way M.J., Heong K.L. 1994. The role of biodiversity in the dynamics and management of insect pests of tropic irrigated rice: a view. Bull. Entomol. Res. 84: 567–587.
Wright D.J., Verkert R.H.J. 1995. Integration of chemical and biological control systems for arthropods; evaluation in a multitrophic context. Pestic. Sci. 44: 207–218.
Zhao S.H. 2000. Plant Chemical Protection. China Agricultural Press, Beijing, China, 337 pp.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top