Sensitivity of winter wheat cultivars to selected herbicides
More details
Hide details
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Research State Institute, Orzechowa 61, 50-540 Wrocław, Poland
Corresponding author
Renata Kieloch
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Research State Institute, Orzechowa 61, 50-540 Wrocław, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2010;50(1):35-40
The experiments on tolerance of winter wheat cultivars to herbicides were performed under field conditions during 2003–2005 in the region of Wrocław (South-West of Poland). Five cultivars were examined (Zyta, Tonacja, Sukces, Clever, Kobra). Two herbicide mixtures: isoproturon + pendimethalin and diflufenican + flurtamon were applied in the autumn, in stage of 3–4 leaves. In the spring, when wheat reached stage of full tillering, the following herbicides were used: florasulam + 2.4-D and fluroxypyr + 2.4-D. Phytotoxicity of herbicides was determined on the base of plants vigour assessment, plants counting, yield and some yield components. During the experimental period, impact of the mixture pendimethalin + isoproturon on grain yield of Clever cultivar was observed only in the season with hard winter conditions (2002/2003). The remaining varieties: Zyta, Tonacja, Sukces and Kobra were completely tolerant to this herbicide mixture. Mild winter seasons did not show a negative influence of herbicides on grain yield of tested varieties. All cultivars showed a complete tolerance to diflufenican + flurfamon and florasulam + 2.4-D. The mixture fluroxypyr + 2.4-D caused ear deformation of all tested wheat cultivars, but did not affect negatively grain yield.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Adamczewski K., Urban M. 2000. Reakcja 7 odmian pszenicy ozimej na dwie formy użytkowe chlorotoluronu. Prog. Plant Protection/Post. Ochr. Roślin 40 (1): 374–379.
Cabanne F., Gaillardon P., Scalla R. 1985. Phytotoxicity and metabolism of chlortoluron in two wheat cultivars. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 23: 212–220.
Cashimore W.J., Caseley J.C. 1995. Effect of low doses of herbicides, temperature and simulated harrowing on the survival of three weed species. Proc. Brighton Crop Protection Conference – Weeds, 20–23 November 1995, Brighton, United Kingdom, 6 C-16: 719–725.
Dastgheib F., Field R.J. 1990. Differential response of wheat to chlorsulfuron. Proc. of the 43th New Zealand Weed and Pest Control Conference, 14–16 August 1990, Dunedin, New Zealand 43: 150–153.
Gabińska K., Rola J. 1985. Reakcja odmian pszenicy ozimej na herbicydy. Pam. Puł. 84: 103–120.
Gauvrit C., Gaillardon P. 1991. Effect of low temperatures on 2,4-D behaviour in maize plants. Weed Res. 31: 135–142.
Kong L., Si J., Feng B., Li S., Wang F., Sayre K. 2009. Differential responses of two types of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to autumn- and spring-applied mesosulfuron-methyl. Crop Protect. XXX: 1–6.
Nowicka B. 1993. Wpływ herbicydów na wysokość i jakość plonu odmian pszenicy ozimej. Praca doktorska, Wyd. IUNG Puławy, R (302), 47 pp.
Petróczi I.M., Matuz J., Kótai C. 2002. Study of pesticide sideeffects in winter wheat trials. Proc. of the 7th Hungarian Congress on Plant Physiology, 24–27 June 2002, Szeged, Hungary 46 (3–4): 207–208.
Orr J.P., Canevari M., Jackson L., Wennimg R., Carner R., Nishimoto G. 1996. Postemergence herbicides and application time affect wheat yields. Calif. Agric. 50 (4): 32–36.
Rola H., Domaradzki K., Kieloch R. 1999. Tolerancja wybranych odmian pszenicy ozimej na herbicydy. Pam. Puł. 114: 305–311.
Sikkema P.H., Brown L., Shropshire Ch., Soltani N. 2007. Responses of three types of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to spring-applied post-emergence herbicides. Crop Protect. 26: 715–720.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top