Susceptibility of olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae) pupae to entomopathogenic nematodes
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Research Centre for Plant Protection and Certification (CREA-DC), Via Lanciola 12/A, Cascine del Riccio, 50125 Firenze, Italy
Submission date: 2017-05-11
Acceptance date: 2017-07-18
Corresponding author
Giulia Torrini
Research Centre for Plant Protection and Certification (CREA-DC), Via Lanciola 12/A, Cascine del Riccio, 50125 Firenze, Italy
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2017;57(3):318-320
The olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae is one of the most serious and economically damaging insects worldwide, affecting the quality and quantity of both olive oil and table olives. Laboratory bioassays were conducted for the first time to evaluate the susceptibility of B. oleae pupae to two entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) species, Steinernema arpocapsae and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. The nematodes tested caused pupal mortality of 62.5% and 40.6%, respectively. The most noteworthy result was obtained with S. carpocapsae which was able to infect 21.9% of the emerged adults. Since this tephritid fly spent several months in the soil as pupa, the use of EPNs could be a promising method to control this pest.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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