ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Efficacy of Some Plant Extracts against Rhizoctonia solani on Pea
 
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Biology Department, Teachers College, King Saud University, Riaydh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Rashad Younes M.
Biology Department, Teachers College, King Saud University, Riaydh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2010;50(3):239–243
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ABSTRACT
Antifungal activity of ethanol-water extracts of four medicinal plants, cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum Presl.), anise (Pimpi-nella anisum L.), black seed (Nigella sativa L.) and clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merr. & Perry.) was investigated against pea (Pisum sativumL.) root-rot fungus Rhizoctonia solani. In vitro antifungal activity test shown a high growth inhibition at concentration (4%) of each plant extract. The highest antifungal activity was recorded for clove extract which causes complete growth inhibition at concentration of 1%. Efficacy of clove extract on disease incidence of Rhizoctonia root-rot of pea was investigated in the greenhouse pot experiment. Clove extract at concentration 4% as well as the chemical fungicide recorded highly significant increase in the percentage of survived plants (40 and 48%, respectively) and highly significant decrease in disease incidence.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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