ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Modeling temperature-dependent development and demography of Adalia decempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) reared on Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Homoptera: Aphididae)
Zahra Mojib-Haghghadam 1, 2, B,D
,  
Jalal Jalali Sendi 1, 3, A,C-D,F  
,  
Arash Zibaee 1, 3, E-F
,  
Jafar Mohaghegh 4, E-F
,  
 
 
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1
Department of Plant Protection, University Campus 2, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2
Plant Protection Research Department, Guilan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Rasht, Iran
3
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
4
Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Jalal Jalali Sendi   

Department of Plant Protection, University Campus 2, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Online publish date: 2019-07-18
Submission date: 2018-10-19
Acceptance date: 2019-06-17
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(2):229–243
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Development and demography of Adalia decempunctata L. were studied under laboratory conditions at seven constant temperatures (12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32 and 36°C). First instar larvae failed to develop to second instar at 12°С and no development occurred at 36°C. The total developmental time varied from 47.92 days at 16°C to 15.94 days at 28°C and increased at 32°C. The lower temperature thresholds of 11.05 and 9.90°C, and thermal constants of 290.84 day-degree and 326.34 day-degree were estimated by traditional and Ikemoto- Takai linear models, respectively. The lower temperature threshold (Tmin) values estimated by Analytis, Briere-1, Briere-2 and Lactin-2 for total immature stages were 11.99, 12.24, 10.30 and 10.8°C, respectively. The estimated fastest developmental temperatures (Tfast) by the Analytis, Briere-1, Briere-2 and Lactin-2 for overall immature stages development of A. decempunctata were 31.5, 31.1, 30.7 and 31.7°C, respectively. Analytis, Briere-1, Briere-2 and Lactin-2 measured the upper temperature threshold (Tmax) at 33.14, 36.65, 32.75 and 32.61°C. The age-stage specific survival rate (sxj) curves clearly depicted the highest and lowest survival rates at 16 and 32°C for males and females. The age-specific fecundity (mx) curves revealed higher fecundity rate when fed A. gossypii at 24 and 28°C. The highest and lowest values of intrinsic rate of increase (r) were observed at 28 and 16°C (0.1945 d–1 and 0.0592 d–1, respectively). Also, the trend of changes in the finite rate of increase (λ) was analogous with intrinsic rate of increase. The longest and shortest mean generation time (T) was observed at 16 and 28°C, respectively and the highest net reproductive rates (R0) was estimated at 24 and 28°C. According to the results, the most suitable temperature seems to be 28°C due to the shortest developmental time, highest survival rate, and highest intrinsic rate of increase.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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