Efficacy of Some Plant Extracts against Rhizoctonia solani on Pea
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Biology Department, Teachers College, King Saud University, Riaydh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Rashad Younes M.
Biology Department, Teachers College, King Saud University, Riaydh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2010;50(3):239-243
Antifungal activity of ethanol-water extracts of four medicinal plants, cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum Presl.), anise (Pimpi-nella anisum L.), black seed (Nigella sativa L.) and clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merr. & Perry.) was investigated against pea (Pisum sativumL.) root-rot fungus Rhizoctonia solani. In vitro antifungal activity test shown a high growth inhibition at concentration (4%) of each plant extract. The highest antifungal activity was recorded for clove extract which causes complete growth inhibition at concentration of 1%. Efficacy of clove extract on disease incidence of Rhizoctonia root-rot of pea was investigated in the greenhouse pot experiment. Clove extract at concentration 4% as well as the chemical fungicide recorded highly significant increase in the percentage of survived plants (40 and 48%, respectively) and highly significant decrease in disease incidence.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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