ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of the nematicidal efficacy of an aqueous extract of Eupatorium odoratum on Radopholus similis nematode infestation in banana (Musa acuminata “Cavendish”) in a micro plot experiment and under field trial conditions
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Institute of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
 
 
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
 
 
Submission date: 2023-10-27
 
 
Acceptance date: 2023-12-06
 
 
Online publication date: 2024-02-29
 
 
Corresponding author
Le Pham Tan Quoc   

Institute of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
 
 
 
HIGHLIGHTS
  • The EEOL significantly reduced infection rates, decreased root necrosis indices, and promoted increased plant height, stem diameter, and leaf area in both models.
  • The EEOL also lowered the percentage of fallen trees and enhanced harvest yields in the field model.
  • At a dosage of 96.54 l•ha-1, EEOL exhibited effectiveness equivalent to the conventional chemical nematode control method, fenamipos.
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Eupatorium odoratum is known for its ability to resist nematode infestations that attack the root systems of banana plants. An aqueous extract of the leaves and stems of E. odoratum (named EEOL) represents a natural solution that we investigated for its potential to control the harmful nematode, Radopholus similis, in Cavendish banana plants. Our research into EEOL’s efficacy spanned two distinct environments: a micro plot experiment model and a field model. Various concentrations of EEOL were examined to assess its efficacy in alleviating R. similis infestations and in mitigating their adverse effects on Cavendish banana plants. In the micro plot experiment model, the concentration of the original solution, diluted at ratios of 1:30×, 1 : 16×, 1 : 8×, 1 : 4×, and 1 : 2×, ranged from 1.76 to 28.16 mg · ml-¹. In the field model, the corresponding rates varied from 6.03 to 96.54 l · ha-¹. Key parameters, including infection rates, root necrosis indices, plant growth metrics, percentage of fallen trees, and harvest yields, were meticulously monitored and assessed. The results demonstrated that EEOL significantly reduced infection rates (p < 0.05), decreased root necrosis indices (p < 0.05), and promoted increased plant height, pseudostem circumference, and leaf area (p < 0.05) in both models. Furthermore, it lowered the percentage of fallen trees (p < 0.05) and enhanced harvest yields (p < 0.05) in the field model. Notably, observations in the field model revealed that EEOL, particularly at a dosage of 96.54 l · ha-1, exhibited effectiveness equivalent to the conventional chemical nematode control method, fenamiphos (p > 0.05). The study’s findings underscore the promising potential of EEOL in effectively managing R. similis infestations and improving the yield and quality of Cavendish banana plants. The aqueous extract of the stem and leaves of E. odoratum emerged as an effective nematode management solution for banana cultivation, in both the micro plot experiment and field conditions.
RESPONSIBLE EDITOR
Anna Filipiak
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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