Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of essential oil from Artemisia judaica L. against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
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Department of Pesticides, Faculty of Agriculture, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom 32511, Egypt
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Hany Kamal Abd-Elhady
Department of Pesticides, Faculty of Agriculture, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom 32511, Egypt
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2012;52(3):347-352
The insecticidal properties of essential oil derived via the hydro-distillation method from aerial parts of Artemisia judaica L. were tested against the cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). The repellent activity assay of essential oil against C. maculates adults indicated that in concentrations of 63.7, 31.9, 15.9, 8.0 or 4 . 0 μg/cm 2 , the oil reduced egg laying by 92.5, 86.0, 61.8, 42.7 and 12.5%, respectively. Also, the residual-film assay showed that after 72 hours of treatment, concentrations of 50 and 40% were highly effective against the C. maculates adults. The sub-lethal effects of essential oil were investigated on fecundity and F 1 progany by exposing adult females to treated seeds. Both LC 25 and LC 50 of essential oil significantly reduced F 1 progany pro- duction compared to the control. The chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed by GC-MS and the resulting oil piperitone (32.4%), camphor (20.6%) and ( E )-ethyl cinnnamate (8.2%) were found to contain the major constituents of the oil. This provided the insecticidal properties of the essential oil against cowpea weevil.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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