Management of Potato virus Y (PVY–NTN) causing PTNRD disease in potato by prior treatment with a mild PVY strain
Osama A. Abdalla 1, A,C-F
Amal I. Eraky 1, A,C,F
Fikry G. Fahmy 1, A,C,F
More details
Hide details
Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Assiut Governorate 71515, Egypt
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Submission date: 2017-12-15
Acceptance date: 2018-02-07
Corresponding author
Osama A. Abdalla   

Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Assiut Governorate 71515, Egypt
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(2):130-136
Potato virus Y (PVY) is one of the most destructive viruses infecting potato in Egypt and worldwide. Recent study showed that a necrotic PVY-NTNstrain is infecting potato in Upper Egypt. Chemical control is not effective to control this viral pathogen. Another alternative to control PVY infecting potato is using a mild PVY strain to elicit systemic cross protection in potato plants against infection with a severe necrotic strain of PVY. Results of this study showed that a PVY necrotic strain produced a significant lesser number of local lesions on diagnostic plant (Pseudo acacia), when these plants were treated first with a mild PVY strain. Data obtained from greenhouse and field experiments indicated that treatment of potato plants "Burna" variety with a mild PVY strain significantly protected potato from infection with a severe necrotic PVY strain, and resulted in a significant increase in tuber yield compared with infected plants without prior treatment with a mild PVY strain. The highest increase in potato tuber yield was obtained when potato plants were inoculated with a mild PVY strain three days before challenging with the severe necrotic PVY strain. This study proved that using a mild strain of PVY can significantly protect potato plant from infection with a severe strain of this virus under both greenhouse and field conditions and can present a potential method to reduce losses due to infection of this virus in Assiut governorate and Upper Egypt.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Abdalla O.A., Mohamed S.A., Eraky A.I., Fahmy F.G. 2015. Genetic comparison between coat protein gene of Alfalfa mosaic virus isolate infecting potato crop in Upper Egypt and worldwide isolates. International Journal of Virology 11 (3): 112−122. DOI: 10.3923/ijv.2015.112.122.
Abdalla O.A., Eraky A.I., Mohamed S.A., Fahmy F.G. 2016a. Molecular identification of viruses responsible for severe symptoms on potato (Solanum sp.) growing in Assiut Governorate (Upper Egypt). International Journal of Virology Studies and Research 4 (3): 29−33.
Abdalla O.A., Eraky A.I., Mohamed S.A., Fahmy F.G. 2016b. Phylogenetic analysis of Potato virus Y (PVY) isolate from Upper Egypt proves the widespread of PVY-NTN strain causing PTNRD disease in Egypt. Annals of Virology and Research 2 (3): 1020−1034.
Ahoonmanesh A., Shalla T.A. 1981. Feasibility of cross-protection for control of Tomato mosaic virus in fresh market field-grown tomatoes. Plant Disease 65 (1): 56−58. DOI: 10.1094/PD-65-56.
Aseel D.G., Makhlouf A., Riad S.A., Elmorsi A.A., Fegla G.I., Hafez E.E. 2015. Two isolates of Potato virus Y (PVY) and the response of different potato cultivars against the viral infection. Journal of Virological Antiviral Research 4 (4): 1−5. DOI: 10.4172/2324-8955.1000145.
Boquel S., Zhang J., Goyer C., Giquere M.-A., Clark C., Pelletier Y. 2014. Effect of insecticide-treated potato plants on aphid behavior and potato virus Y acquisition. Pest Management Science 71 (8): 1106−1112. DOI: 10.1002/ps.3892.
Cassells A.C., Herrick C.C. 1977. Cross protection between mild and severe strains of Tobacco mosaic virus in doubly inoculated tomato plants. Virology 78 (1): 253−260. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6....
Chiang C-H., Lee C-Y., Wang C.-H., Jan F.-J., Lin S.-S., Chen T.-C., Raja J.A.J., Yeh S-D. 2007. Genetic analysis of an attenuated Papaya ringspot virus strain applied for crossprotection. European Journal of Plant Pathology 118 (4): 333−348.
Costa A.S., Muller G.W. 1980. Tristeza control by cross protection: A U.S-Brazil cooperative success. Plant Disease 64 (6): 538−541. DOI: 10.1094/PD-64-538.
Cuevas J.M., Delaunay A., Visser J.C., Bellstedt D.U., Jacquot E., Elena S.F. 2012. Phylogeography and molecular evolution of Potato virus Y. PLoS One 7 (5): 1−10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journa....
Culver J.N. 1996. Tobamovirus cross protection using a potexvirus vector. Virology 226 (2): 228−235. DOI: 10.1006/viro.1996.0650.
De Bokx J.A., Huttinga H. 1981. Potato virus Y. CMI/AAB Description of Plant Viruses No. 242.
Dupuis B., Cadby J., Goy G., Tallant M., Derron J., Schwaerzel R., Steinger T. 2017. Control of Potato virus Y (PVY) in seed potatoes by oil spraying, straw mulching and intercropping. Plant Pathology 66 (6): 960−969. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12....
El-Absawy E.A., Mahmoud A., Hemeida A.A., Helmy M. 2012. Molecular variation of Potato virus Y isolated from Egypt. International Journal of Virology 8 (1): 81−89. DOI: 10.3923/ijv.2012.81.89.
El-Helay H.S., Ahmed A.A., Awad M.A., Soliman A.M. 2012. Biological and molecular characterization of potato infecting Alfalfa mosaic virus in Egypt. International Journal of Virology 8: 106−113.
El-Mohsen H.M.A.A., EL-Dinn A.S.G., Sohair I.E.A., Sadik A.S., Abdelmaksoud H.M. 2003. Characterization of Potato virus Y strain-N in Egypt. Annual of Agriculture Science 48 (2): 485−504.
Elwan E.A., Abdel Aleem E.E., Fattouh F.A., Green K.J., Tran L.T., Karasev A.V. 2017. Occurrence of diverse recombinant strains of Potato virus Y circulating in potato fields in Egypt. Plant Disease 101 (8): 1463−1469. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-0....
Fahmy F.G., Mohamed M.S., AboEl-Nasr A.M. 1986. Vaccination of sugarcane plants with weak or moderate Sugarcane mosaic virus strains against severe strain. Assiut Journal of Agriculture Science 17: 27−35.
Gal-On A., Shiboleth Y.M. 2006. Cross protection. p. 261−288. In: “Natural Resistance Mechanisms of Plant to Viruses” (G. Loebenstein, J.P. Carr, eds.), Springer, Netherlands.
Gomez K.A., Gomez A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Singapore.
Hamilton R.I. 1980. Defenses triggered by previous invaders: viruses. p. 279−303. In: “Plant Disease: An Advanced Treatise” (J.G. Horsfall, E.B. Cowling, eds.). Academic Press, New York.
Harrington R., Katis N., Gibson R.W. 1986. Field assessment of the relative importance of different aphid species in the transmission of Potato virus Y. Potato Research 29 (1): 67−76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF0236....
Hasiów-Jaroszewska B., Minicka J., Pospieszny H. 2014. Crossprotection between different pathotypes of Pepino mosaic virus representing Chilean 2 genotype. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum 13 (5): 177−185.
Latorre B.A., Flores V. 1985. Strain identification and crossprotection of Potato virus Y affecting tobacco in Chile. Plant Disease 69 (11): 930−932. DOI: 10.1094/PD-69-930.
Lawson C., Kaniewski W., Haley L., Rozman R., Newell C., Sander P., Tumer N.E. 1990. Engineering resistance to mixed virus infection in a commercial potato cultivar: resistance to Potato virus X and Potato virus Y in transgenic Russet Burbank. Biotechnology 8 (2): 127−134. DOI: 10.1038/nbt0290-127.
Lu B., Stubbs G., Culver J.N. 1998. Coat protein interactions involved in Tobacco mosaic virus tobamovirus cross-pro-tection. Virology 248 (2): 188−198. DOI: 10.1006/viro.1998.9280.
Maki-Valkama T., Valkonen J.P.T., Lehtinen A., Pehu E. 2001. Protection against Potato virus Y (PVY) in the field in potatoes transformed with the PVY P1 gene. American Journal of Potato Research 78 (3): 209−214.
Mandal B., Csinos A.S., Martinez-Ochoa N., Pappu H.R. 2007. A rapid and efficient inoculation method for Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus. Journal of Virological Methods 149: 195−198. DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2007.12.007.
McKinney H.H. 1929. Mosaic disease in the Canary Islands, West Africa and Gibraltar. Journal of Agriculture Research 39 (8): 557−578.
Nolte P., Whitworth J.L., Thornoton M.K., Mclntosh C.S. 2004. Effect of seed borne Potato virus Y on performance of russet Burbank, Russet NorKotah, and Shepody potato. Plant Disease 88 (3): 45−52. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS....
Perring T.M., Gruenhagen N.M., Farrr C.A. 1999. Management of plant viral diseases through chemical control of insect vectors. Annual Review of Entomology 44: 457−481.
Quenouille J., Vassilakos N., Moury B. 2013. Potato virus Y: a major crop pathogen that has provided major insight into the evolution of viral pathogenicity. Molecular Plant Pathology 14 (5): 439−452. DOI: 10.1111/mpp.12024.
Roth B.M., Pruss G.J., Vance V.B. 2004. Plant viral suppressors of RNA silencing. Virus Research 102 (1): 97−108. DOI: 10.1016/j.virusres.2004.01.020.
Valkonen J.P.T. 2002. Potato gene Y-lisan and N. gene homology that confers cell death upon infection with Potato virus Y. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interaction, 15: p. 712−727. In: “Plant Viruses” (M.V. Nayudu, ed.). Tata McGraw-Hill. Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 1237 pp.
Xie Z., Johansen L.K., Gustafson A.M., Kasschau K.D., Lellis A.D., Zilberman D., Jacobsen S.E., Carrington J.C. 2004. Genetic and functional diversification of small RNA pathways in plants. PLoS Biology 2: E104. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020104.
Yeh S.D., Gonsalves D. 1984. Evaluation of induced mutants of Papaya ringspot virus for control by cross protection. Phytopathology 74 (9): 1086−1091. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-74-1086.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top