Toxicity of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae) products from Nigeria against three storage insects
More details
Hide details
Department of Zoology, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos
Department of Zoology, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos
Department of Chemistry, Lagos state University, Ojo, Lagos
Chemistry Department, University of Limpopo, South Africa
Corresponding author
Denloye Abiodun A.
Department of Zoology, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2010;50(3):379-384
Tests were carried out to study the toxicity, oviposition suppression, ovicidal and larvicidal effects of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. as powder, extracts and essential oil against Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae), Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Tribolium castaneum Jacqueline du Val. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). The powder formulation was more toxic to S. zeamais than either C. maculatus or T. castaneum with 48 h LC50 values of 0.46 g/kg, 1.60 g/kg and 2.14 g/kg, respectively. Ethanol extract was more toxic to C. maculatus with a 48 h LC50 value of 0.023 g/l, than other test insect species. The essential oil treatment demonstrated higher fumigant toxicity against C. maculatus than S. zeamais with 24 h LC50 values of 1.33 μl/l and 1.90 μl/l respectively. The oil vapour showed activity against C. maculatus egg, but had no appreciable larval mortality. The weight loss of grains admixed with C. ambrosioides powder was lower than the controls after 150 days of field storage.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Akinyemi K.O., Bayagbon C., Oyefolu A.O.B., Akinside K.A., Omonigbehin E.A., Coker A.O. 2000. Antibacterial screening of five Nigerian medicinal plants against Salmonela typhi and S. paratyphi. J. Nigerian Infect. Control Association 3 (1): 30–33.
Belmain S., Stevenson P. 2001. Ethnobotanicals in Ghana; Reviving and Modernizing Age-Old Farmer Practice. Pesticide Outlook, December 2001: 233–238.
Chiasson H., Vincent C., Bostanian N.J. 2004. Insecticidal properties of a Chenopodium based botanical. J. Econ. Entomol. 97 (4): 1378–1383.
Credland P. 1992. The structure of bruchid eggs may explain the ovicidal effect of oils. J. Stored Product Protect. 28 (1): 1–9.
Delobel A., Malonga P. 1987. Insecticidal properties of six plant materials against Caryedon serratus (OL). J. Stored Product Res. 23 (3): 173–176.
Denloye A., Makanjuola W.A., Don-Pedro K.N., Negbenebor H.E. 2007. Insecticidal effects of Tephrosia vogelii Hook (Leguminosae) leaf powder and extracts on Sitophilus zeamais Motsch, Callosobruchus maculatus F. and Tribolium castaneum Herbst. Nigerian J. Entomol. 24: 91–97.
Denloye A.A., Ajelara O.K., Olowu R.A., Eshilokun A.O., Makanjuola W.A. 2009. Insecticidal activity of petroleum ether extract and essential oil of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae) against Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae). Acta Entomol. Sin. 52 (8): 923–928.
Don-Pedro K.N. 1996. Fumigant toxicity is the major route of insecticidal activity of citrus peel essential oils. Pestic. Sci. 46 (1): 71–78.
Doughari J.H., Manzara S. 2008. In vitro antibacterial activity of crude leaf extracts of Mangifera indica Linn. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 2 (4): 67–72.
Ewete F.K., Ashimolowo O.R., Adohi E.A. 2007. Survey of plants used in maize storage in Abeoukuta North Local Government Area and efficacy of a selected species against Sitophilus zeamais Mostchulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Nigerian J. Entomol. 24: 119–126.
Finney D.J. 1971. Probit Analysis. Cambridge University Press, 333 pp.
Kasali A.A., Ekundayo O., Paul C., Konig W.A., Eshilokun A.O., Ige B. 2006. 1,2,3,4-Diepoxy-p-menthane and 1,4-Epoxy-p-menth-2-ene: rare monoterpenoids from the essential oil of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var ambrosioides leaves. J. Essential Oil Res. 18 (1): 13–15.
Malik M.A., Naqvi S.H.M. 1984. Screening of some indigenous plants as repellents or antifeedants for stored grain insects. J. Stored Product Res. 20 (1): 41–44.
Makanjuola W.A. 1989. Evaluation of extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica) for the control of stored product pests. J. Stored Product Res. 25 (4): 231–237.
Marjorie M.C. 1999. Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 12: 564–582.
Odeyemi O.O., Daramola A.M. 2000. Storage Practices in the Tropics, Volume 1. Food Storage and Pest Problems. Dave Collins Publications, Akure, Nigeria, 253 pp.
Odugbemi T. 2006. Outlines and Pictures of Medicinal Plants from Nigeria. University of Lagos Press, Lagos, Nigeria, 283 pp.
Ofuya T.I.. Dawodu E.O. 2002. Aspects of insecticidal action of Piper guineese Schum and Thonn fruit powders against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Nigerian J. Entomol. 19: 40–50.
Sousa H.A., Maracajá P.B., Silva R.M.A., Moura A.M.N., Andrade W.G. 2005. Bioactivity of vegetal powders against Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in caupi bean and seed physiological analysis. Revista De Biologia E Ciências Da Terra 5 (2): 1–5.
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, SPSS 2001. SPSS for Windows, version 11.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago. Tapondjou L.A., Adler C., Bouda H., Fontem D.A. 2002. Efficacy of powder and essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides leaves as postharvest grain protectants against six-stored product beetles. J. Stored Product Res. 38 (4): 395–402.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top