ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Desiccant activity of nonanoic acid on potato foliage in Poland
Przemysław Kardasz 1, A  
,  
Wojciech Miziniak 2, B
,  
Marcin Bombrys 1, C
,  
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Pesticide Investigation, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Poznań, Poland
2
Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Regional Experimental Station, Toruń, Poland
3
JADE (Jardin Agriculture Development), Mérignac Cedex, France
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Przemysław Kardasz   

Department of Pesticide Investigation, Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Poznań, Poland
Online publish date: 2019-04-12
Submission date: 2018-04-04
Acceptance date: 2019-04-04
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2019;59(1):12–18
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
During potato desiccation the above-ground parts can be destroyed by mechanical, mechanical-chemical, or chemical methods. In the current study, the mechanical-chemical method was used and instead of chemical compounds natural nonanoic acid (pelargonic acid) was used. Nonanoic acid is a natural active ingredient that can be extracted from vegetable oil (rapeseed oil). It is a short chain fatty acid and a natural product, that fits well with the principles of the Green Revolution, which has introduced restrictions worldwide on the use of chemical plant protection products and promotes natural ones. For comparison carfentrazone-ethyl and glufosinate-ammonium were used. Studies were carried out in Poland during 2012–2014 with the potato variety Ikar, which is known to be among the varieties difficult to desicccate in Poland. The results show that potato leaves were efficiently destroyed by both nonanoic acid and chemicals (carfentrazone-ethyl and glufosinate-ammonium). The level of destruction varied from 94.5% to 99%. The level of stalk drying caused by nonanoic acid was high and it was similar to that of chemical desiccants. None of the studied desiccants significantly affected yield, vascular necrosis or quantity of starch in tubers.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (26)
1.
Coleman R., Penner D. 2006. Desiccant activity of short chain fatty acids. Weed Technology 20 (2): 410–415. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-05-....
 
2.
Coleman R., Penner D. 2008. Organic acid enhancement of pelargonic acid. Weed Technology 22 (1): 38–41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-06-....
 
3.
Colquhoun J., Heider D., Rittmeyer R. 2017. Seed potato growth and yield as affected by mother plant exposure to herbicides. Weed Technology 31 (1): 136–147. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/wet.20....
 
4.
Dayan F.E., Cantrell Ch.L., Duke S.O. 2009. Natural products in crop protection. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 17 (12): 4022–4034. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.....
 
5.
Directive 2009/128/EC. 2009. Directive 2009/128/EC of the European parliament and of the council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. Official Journal of the European Union, 16 pp.
 
6.
Erlichowski 2004. Skuteczność działania wybranych desykantów w uprawie ziemniaka jadalnego. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 44 (2): 668–671. (in Polish).
 
7.
Erlichowski T. 2005. Chemiczne niszczenie naci, a ograniczenie porażenia bulw przez zarazę ziemniaka. Ziemniak Polski 3: 23–25. (in Polish).
 
8.
FAOSTAT. 2012. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Ntations. Available on: http:// faostat. fao. org [Accessed: January 15, 2018].
 
9.
Fausey J.C. 2003. Controlling liverwort and moss now and in the future. HortTechnology 13 (1): 35–38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTT....
 
10.
Felix J., Boydston R., Burke I. 2011. Potato response to simulated glyphosate drift. Weed Technology 25 (4): 637–644. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-1....
 
11.
Hutchinson J., Felix J., Boydston R. 2014. Glyphosate carryover in seed potato: effects on mother crop and daughter tubers. American Journal of Potato Research 91 (4): 394–403. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230....
 
12.
PCSO. 2012. Polish Central Statistical Office. Available on: http://www. stat. gov. pl/ gus [Accessed: January 15, 2018].
 
13.
ANSES. 2016. French Agency for Food, Environmental, Occupational Health & Safety: registration report. Available on: http://www.anses.fr/fr/system/... [Accessed: January 15, 2018].
 
14.
Ivany J.A., Sanderson J.B. 2001. Response of potato (Solanum tuberosum) cultivars to glufosinate-ammonium and diquat used as desiccants. Weed Technology 15 (3): 505–510. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/0890-0....
 
15.
Kürzinger W. 1999. Krautminderung in Kartoffelbeständen. Kartoffelbau 50 (6): 224–226. (in German).
 
16.
Larsson K. 1992. Potatis. Nyteknik for blastdodning. Meddelande Jordbrukstekniska Institutet 438, 73 pp. (in Sweden).
 
17.
Lederer B., Fujimori T., Tsujino Y., Wakabayashi K., Böger P. 2004. Phytotoxic activity of middle-chain fatty acids II: peroxidation and membrane effects. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 80 (3): 151–156. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pest....
 
18.
Olszyk D., Pfleeger T., Lee E., Plocher M. 2010. Potato (Solanum tuberosum) greenhouse tuber production as an assay for asexual reproduction effects from herbicides. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29: 111–121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.1.
 
19.
Praczyk T., Skrzypczak G. 2004. Przemieszczanie substancji aktywnej w roślinach. p. 123. In: „Herbicydy” (M. Krupa, ed.). Państwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne, Poznań, 274 pp. (in Polish).
 
20.
Renner K.A. 1991. Chemical vine desiccation of two potato cultivars. American Potato Journal 68 (7): 479–491. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF0285....
 
21.
Shaner D.L. (ed.). 2014. Herbicide Handbook. 10th ed. Allen Press, USA, 513 pp.
 
22.
Turska E. 1997. Czynniki wpływające na poziom porażenia sadzeniaków wirusami. In: „Produkcja ziemniaków. Technologia–Ekonomika–Marketing” (J. Chotkowski, ed.). 2nd ed. Instytut Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin Zakład Nasiennictwa i Ochrony Ziemniaka Bonin: 120 p. (in Polish).
 
23.
Worthington T.R. 1985. The effect of glyphosate on the viability of seed potato tubers. Potato Research 28 (1): 109–112.
 
24.
Woźnica Z. 2008. Transport herbicydów. p. 162–163. In: “Herbologia” (M. Krupa, ed.). Państwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne, Poznań, 430 pp. (in Polish).
 
25.
Wróbel S. 2005. Wpływ różnych metod niszczenia naci średnio wczesnych odmian ziemniaka na plantacjach nasiennych na tempo jej zasychania i plon bulw. [Influence od different methods of haulm killing on rate of haulm desiccation and tuber yield of mid-early potato seed plantations]. Biuletyn Instytutu Hodowli i Aklimatyzacji Roślin 237/238: 115–122. (in Polish).
 
26.
Wróbel S. 2007. Reakcja roślin ziemniaka na glifosat zastosowany do desykacji naci. [Reaction of potato plants on desiccation by glifosat]. Progress in Plant Protection/Postępy w Ochronie Roślin 47 (3): 316–320. (in Polish with English abstract).
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345