ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Efficacy of glyphosate and fluazifop-P-butyl herbicides with adjuvants at different levels of cutting for the common reed (Phragmites australis)
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, New Valley Branch, Assiut, Egypt
Online publish date: 2018-10-10
Submission date: 2018-05-05
Acceptance date: 2018-07-16
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2018;58(3)
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Field experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of glyphosate (H1) and fluazifop--P-butyl (H2) herbicides with adjuvants on the common reed without cutting and at two different cutting levels (10 and 30 cm). The adjuvants were urea, nitric acid and sulfonic acid. The relative importance value (RIV), leaf chlorophyll content and plant density were determined to assay the efficacy of herbicides. Glyphosate treatment only (H1a) was more effective than fluazifop-P-butyl (H2a) on reeds without cutting and at the 10 cm cutting level. However, no significant difference was observed between them at the 30 cm cutting level. A positive effect of plant cutting occurred on the efficacy of all herbicides applied alone or in a tank mix with adjuvants. Furthermore, the 10 cm cutting level was more effective in eradication of reeds than the 30 cm cutting level. The adjuvants significantly improved the efficacy of the recommended (Hb) and half recommended (Hc) herbicide rates in comparison to being used alone on uncut reeds. The reduction percentages were 94.5, 86.99, 76.61 and 69.94 for H1b, H1c, H2b and H2c treatments, respectively. However, the adjuvants did not improve the glyphosate effect at different levels of cutting. Conversely the reduction percentage of reeds was improved by the recommended rate of fluazifop-P-butyl with adjuvants (H2b) to 92.77% and 84.62% at 10 and 30 cm cutting levels, respectively.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Ahmed Ibrahim El-Tokhy   
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, New Valley Branch, 71526 Assiut, Egypt
 
REFERENCES (41):
1. Abd El-Ghani M.M., Fawzy A.M. 2006. Plant diversity around springs and wells in five oases of the western desert, Egypt. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8 (2): 249–255.
2. Adkins S.W., Navie S.C. 2006. Parthenium weed: a potential major weed for agro-ecosystems in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research 12 (1–2): 19–36.
3. Al-Juboory B.A., Ali A.G. 1996. Effect of herbicides, dates of application and their interaction on common reed (Phragmites communis Trin.). Arab Journal Plant Protection 14 (2): 74–80.
4. Ashour A.S. 1990. Integration of chemical, physical and mechanical methods in common reed (Phragmites australis) management. Proceedings of Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists 10: 9–10.
5. Back C.L., Holomuzki J.R. 2008. Long-term herbicide control of invasive, common reed (Phragmites australis) at Sheldon Marsh, Lake Erie. Ohio Journal of Science 108 (5): 108–112.
6. Bekeko Z. 2013. Effect of urea and common salt (NaCl) treated glyphosate on parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) at Western Hararghe zone, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8 (23): 3036–3041. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR12....
7. Bhan V.M., Kumar S., Raghuwanshi M.S. 1997. Future strategies for effective Parthenium management. p. 90–95. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on parthenium management (M. Mahadevappa, V.C. Patil, eds.). University Agriculture Science, Daharwad, India, 6–8 October 1997.
8. Bonanno G., Giudice R. 2010. Heavy metal bioaccumulation by the organs of Phragmites australis (common reed) and their potential use as contamination indicators. Ecological Indicators 10: 639–645. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecol....
9. Brady H.A. 1970. Ammonium nitrate and phosphoric acid increase 2, 4, 5-T absorption by tree leaves. Weed Science 18 (2): 204–206.
10. Bunting J.A., Spraque C.L., Reichers D.E. 2004. Absorption and activity of foramsulfuron in giant foxtail (Setaria faberi) and woolly cupgrass (Eriochloa villosa) with various adjuvants. Weed Science 52 (4): 513–517. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-03-....
11. Buttler A. 1992. Permanent plot research in wet meadows and cutting experiment. Vegetation 103: 113–114.
12. Chambers R.M., Meyerson L.A., Saltonstall K. 1999. Expansion of Phragmites australis into tidal wetlands of North America. Aquatic Botany 64 (3–4): 261–273. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-....
13. Dere S., Gunes T., Sivaci R. 1998. Spectrophotometric determination of chlorophyll – A, B and total carotenoid contents of some algae species using different solvents. Turkish Journal of Botany 22 (1): 13–17.
14. Derr J.F. 2008. Common reed (Phragmites australis) response to mowing and herbicide application. Invasive Plant Science and Management 1 (1): 12–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/IPSM-0....
15. El-Sheikh M.A. 1996. Ruderal Plant Communities of the Nile Delta Region. Ph.D. Thesis. Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt, 189 pp.
16. Harker K.N. 1992. Effects of various adjuvants on sethoxydim activity. Weed Technology 6: 865–870.
17. ISSG. 2011. Global Invasive Specie Database – Arundo donax. Available on: 201.http://www.issg.org/database/s.... [Accessed: April 16, 2018].
18. John K.F. 2003. Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin.ex Steud. Research Forester, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry, Jardin Botanico in Cooperation with the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, PR 00936-4984.
19. Kay S.H. 1995. Efficacy of wipe-on applications of glyphosate and imazapyr on common reed in aquatic sites. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 33: 25–26.
20. Knezevic S.Z., Ryan E.R., Avishek D., Suat I. 2013. Common reed (Phragmites australis) control is influenced by the timing of herbicide application. International Journal of Pest Management 59 (3): 224–228. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/096708....
21. Krishnan P., Ravi I., Nayak S.K. 1996. Methods for determining leaf chlorophyll content of rice: a reappraisal. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 34 (10): 1030–1033.
22. Marks M., Lapin B., Randall J. 1994. Phragmites australis (P. communis): Threats, management, and monitoring. Natural Areas Journal 14 (4): 285–294.
23. Miller P.A., Westra P., Nissen S.J. 1999. The influence of surfactant and nitrogen on foliar absorption of MON 37500. Weed Science 47 (3): 270–274.
24. Monteiro A., Moreira I., Sousa E. 1999. Effect of prior common reed (Phragmites australis) cutting on herbicide efficacy. Hydrobiologia 415: 305–308.
25. Moreira I., Monteiro A., Sousa E. 1999. Chemical control of common reed (Phragmites australis) by foliar herbicides under different spray condition. Hydrobiologia 415: 299–304.
26. Mozdzer T.J., Hutto C.J., Clarke P.A., Field D.P. 2008. Efficacy of imazapyr and glyphosate in the control of non-native Phragmites australis. Restoration Ecology 16 (2): 221–224. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526....
27. Mulla M.S., Norland R.L., Fanara D.M., Darwazeh H.A., McKean D.W. 1971. Control chironomid midges in recreational lake. Journal of Economic Entomology 64 (1): 300–307.
28. Palmer I.E., Gehl R.J., Ranney T.G., Touchvell D., George N. 2014. Biomass yield, nitrogen response, and nutrient uptake of perennial bioenergy grasses in North Carolina. Biomass and Bioenergy 63: 218–228. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biom....
29. Perdue R.E. 1958. Arundo donax: source of musical reeds and industrial cellulose. Economic Botany 12 (4): 368–404.
30. Pingliang L., Shun H., Tang T., Qian K., Ni H., Cao Y. 2012. Evaluation of the efficacy of glyphosate plus urea phosphate in the greenhouse and the field. Pest Management Science 68 (2): 170–177. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.224....
31. Praczyk T., Adamczewski K. 1996. The importance of adjuvants in chemical plant protection. Progress in Plant Protection 36 (1): 117–121.
32. Ramalingam S.P., Chinnagounder C., Perumal M., Palanisamy M.A. 2013. Evaluation of new formulation of oxyfluorfen (23.5% EC) for weed control efficacy and bulb yield in onion. American Journal of Plant Sciences 4 (4): 890–895. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2....
33. Rao R.S. 1956. Parthenium – a new record for Assam. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 54: 218–220.
34. Sale P.J.M., Wetzel R.G. 1983. Growth and metabolism of Typha in relation to cutting treatments. Aquatic Botany 15: 321–334.
35. Sharma K.P., Kushwaha S.P.S., Gopal B. 1998. A comparative study of stand structure and standing crops of two wetland species, Arundo donax and Phragmites karka, and primary production in Arundo donax with observations on the effect of clipping. Tropical Ecology 39 (1): 3–14.
36. Silva C.M.N., Silva L., Oliveira N., Geraldes P., Hervías S. 2011. Control of giant reed, Arundo donax on Vila Franca do Campo Islet, Azores, Portugal. Conservation Evidence 8: 93–99.
37. Singh S.P. 1997. Perspectives in biological control of parthenium in India. p. 22–32. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Parthenium Management (M. Mahadevappa, V.C. Patil, eds.). University Agriculture Science, Daharwad, India, 6–8 October 1997.
38. Spencer D.F., Liow P.S., Chan W.K., Ksander G.G., Getsinger K.D. 2006. Estimating Arundo donax shoot biomass. Aquatic Botany 84 (3): 272–276.
39. Spencer D.F., Liow P.S., Chan W.K., Ksander G.G., Whitehand L.C., Weaver S., Olson J., Newhouser M. 2008. Evaluation of glyphosate for managing giant reed (Arundo donax). Invasive Plant Science Management 1 (3): 248–254. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1614/IPSM-0....
40. Steel G.D., Torrie J.H. 1981. Principles and Procedures of Statistics (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, USA, 633 pp.
41. Tu M., Hurd C., Randall J.M. 2001. Weed control methods handbook: tools & techniques for use in natural areas. The Nature Conservancy. Available on: https://www.invasive.org/gist/.... [Accessed: April 15, 2001].
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345