ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Harmful Hemiptera of Lygus genus (Miridae, Hemiptera) on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) in hamedan province (Western Iran)
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Tehran University, Karaj-Iran
2
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan-Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mirab-balou Majid
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Tehran University, Karaj-Iran
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2008;48(3):313–322
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The research on the occurrence of herbivorous heteroptera of Lygus genus on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) was carried out over 2005–2006 in the Hamedan province (Western Iran). The analysis of the faunistic material collected from Hemiptera showed the occurrence of 4 species where dominant Heteroptera were represented by: Lygus rugulipennis Poppius, L. pratensis L., L. gemellatus H.-S. and L. punctatus Z. The maximum abundance of these species coincided with full flowering alfalfa. Among Lygus species, L. rugulipennis P. was the most highly abundant in alfalfa’s the main species in these fields.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
REFERENCES (23)
1.
Anonymous. 2007. Apple Lygus bug. UC Pest Management Guidelines. Available in: http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG....
 
2.
Alford D.V. 1984. A Colour Atlas of Fruit Pests, (their recognition, biology and control). Printed by Bblantyre Printing & Binding Co. Ltd, Glasgow, Scotland, 320 pp.
 
3.
Bei-Beinko G.Ya. And Bagdanov K. 1955. Agricultural Entomology. Agricultural litterature, Govement Publisher, Moscow, 616 pp. (In Russian).
 
4.
Borror D.J., Triplehorn C.A., Johnson N.F. 1989. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. Saunders College Publishing, 875 pp.
 
5.
Carvalho J.C.M. 1955. Keys to the genera of Miridae of the world (Hemiptera). Bol. Museu paracnse Emilio Goeldi, 11: 1–51.
 
6.
Conti E., Bin F. 2001. Native Lygus spp. (Heteroptera: Miridae) damaging introduced Hibiscus cannabinus in Italy. J. Econ. Entomol. 94: 648–657.
 
7.
Dolling W.R. 1991. The Hemiptera. Natural History Museum, 274 pp.
 
8.
Eyles C., Carvalho J.C. M. 1975. Revision of the genus Dolichomris with a revised key to the genera of Stenodemini (Het., Miridae). J. Nat. History 9: 257–269.
 
9.
Ferguson G. 2005. The Lygus Bug – A Problem for Greenhouse Pepper and Cucumber Growers.Available in: http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/en....
 
10.
Henry T.J., Froeschner R.C. 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E.J. Brill, Leiden, 958 pp.
 
11.
Kelton L.A. 1975. The Lygus bugs (genus Lygus Hahn) of North America (Het., Miridae). Mem. Entomol. Soc. Canada. 95: 1–101.
 
12.
Khanjani M. 2005. Field Crop Pests in Iran. 3rd ed. Bu-Ali Sina University Publication, 732 pp.
 
13.
Khanjani M. 2007. Vegetables Pests in Iran. 3rd ed. Bu-Ali Sina University Publication, 467 pp.
 
14.
Lattin J.D., Henry T.J, Schwartz M.D. 1992. Lygus desenus Knight, 1944, a newly recognized synonym of Lygus eZisus Van Duzee, 1914 (Heteroptera: Miridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 94: 12–25.
 
15.
McGavin G.C. 1992. Insects of the Northern Hemispher. Illustrated by Richard Lewington. Dragon’s World Ltd Published, 192 pp.
 
16.
Metcalf D.S., Luckmann W.H. 1982. Introduction to insect pest management Wiley Interscience Publication, London, UK: 469–486.
 
17.
Mirab-balou M. 2007. Study on taxonomy of phytophagous bugs of the family Miridae and introducing insects’ natural enemies of alfalfa tarnished plant bug in Hamedan alfalfa farms. MSc thesis, College of Agriculture, Tehran University, 126 pp.
 
18.
Ross H.H., Ross C.A., Ross J.R.P. 1982. A textbook of Entomology. 4th ed. Printed in the United States of America, 666 pp.
 
19.
Schuh R.T. 1995. Plant Bugs of the World (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae): Systematic Catalog, Distributions, Host List, and Bibliography. New York Entomological Society, New York, 1329 pp.
 
20.
Schuh R.T., Slater J.A. 1995. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) Classification and Natural History. Cornell Unive. Press. Ithaca, NY and London, 336 pp.
 
21.
Slater J.A., Baranowski R.M. 1978. How to Know the True Bugs. W.M.C. Brown Company Publishers, Dubuque, Lowa, 256 pp.
 
22.
Weber H. 1930. Biologie der Hemipteren:eine Naturgeschichte der Schnabekerfe. Verlag von Julius Springer, Berlin, 543 pp.
 
23.
Wheeler A.G., Jr. 2001. Biology of the Plant Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae). Pests, Predators, Opportunists. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, 507 pp.
 
eISSN:1899-007X
ISSN:1427-4345