Assessment of applying an integrated pest management strategy to control the raspberry leaf and bud mite, Phyllocoptes gracilis (Nal.) and its effect on the raspberry leaf metabolites
Eligio Malusà 1, A,E-F
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Department of Plant Protection, National Institute of Horticultural Research in Skierniewice, Skierniewice, Poland
Institute of Experimental Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
Submission date: 2023-09-26
Acceptance date: 2023-12-20
Online publication date: 2024-01-30
Corresponding author
Gerard Podedworny   

Department of Plant Protection, National Institute of Horticultural Research in Skierniewice, Skierniewice, Poland
  • The effectiveness of acequinocyl, fenpyroximate, spirodiclofen, abamectin, silicone polymers and orange oil in controlling the raspberry leaf and bud mite (Phyllocoptes gracilis).
  • The impact of selected active substances on defense-related leaves metabolites in raspberry plants.
  • Contribution to the developement of a raspberry leaf and bud mite control strategy based on Integrated Pest Management principles.
In the years 2018‒2020, the effectiveness of three synthetic active substances (acequinocyl, fenpyroximate, spirodiclofen), one substance derived from Streptomyces spp. (abamectin), a plant extract (orange oil) and silicone polymers in controlling Phyllocoptes gracilis in two Polish raspberry plantations (v. ‘Glen Ample’) was assessed. All the substances showed high and comparable efficacy against the tested pest, significantly reducing its population. However, their effects occurred at different times after the application. The strongest immediate control was shown by silicone polymers, followed by abamectin and spirodiclofen. The full effect of fenpyroximate application was visible after approx. 2 weeks, while acequinocyl was effective 3‒4 weeks after the application. Moreover, the content of phenolic compounds, sterols and triterpenoids was determined in leaves of plants treated with spirodiclofen, orange oil and silicone polymers. The observed increase in the content of salicylic acid and changes in the content of triterpenoids in leaves may indicate a stimulating effect of the substances to the natural defense processes of plants.
Magdalena Karbowska-Dzięgielewska
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
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