Dynamics of predatory syrphidae in the apple orchard and neighbouring shrubberies
More details
Hide details
Department of Entomology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University of Life Sciences Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań, Poland
Submission date: 2012-09-13
Acceptance date: 2013-03-15
Corresponding author
Paweł Trzciński
Department of Entomology and Environmental Protection, Poznan University of Life Sciences Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań, Poland
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2013;53(2):119–123
Shrubberies which neighbour on an orchard are among the significant structures enhancing agrocenoses. Such shrubberies maintain species diversity and stimulate self-control mechanisms in biocenoses. For these reasons, from 1999 to 2001, studies were conducted concerning predatory Syrphidae (Diptera) occurring in the orchard and shrubberies in the immediate vicinity. A quantity and quality analysis of predatory hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae) was performed. A total of 801 specimens were caught in both habitats. There were 20 species recorded there (12% of the national fauna of this predatory family). The studies proved that the orchard and the neighbouring shrubberies can be alternative habitats for Syrphidae (Diptera). There is also a possibility of the predators migrating from the shrubberies to the orchard, enhancing the potential to control the abundant Hemiptera species in the orchard. The shrubberies then become an important element of the agrocenosis structure, due to their biocenotic functions.
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Ambrosino M.D., Luna J.M., Jepson P.C., Wratten S.D. 2006. Relative frequencies of visits to selected insectary plants by predatory hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae), other beneficial insects, and herbivores. Environ. Entomol. 35 (2): 394–400.
Bennewicz J. 2011. Aphidivorous hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) at field boundaries and woodland edges in an agricultural landscape. Pol. Pismo Entomol. 80 (1): 129–149.
Bianchi F., Booij C.J.H., Tscharntke T. 2006. Sustainable pest regulation in agricultural landscapes: a review on landscape composition, biodiversity and natural pest control. Proc. Royal Society B: Biol. Sci. 273: 1715–1727.
Bostanian N.J., Goulet H., O’Hara J., Masner L., Racette G. 2004. Towards insecticidae free apple orchards: flowering plants to attract beneficial arthropods. Biocontrol Sci. Techn. 14 (1): 25–37.
Branquart E., Hemptinne J.L. 2000. Selectivity in the exploitation of floral resources by hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae). Ecography 23: 732–742.
Carreck N.L., Williams I.H. 2002. Food for insects pollinators on farmland: insect visits to flowers of annual seed mixtures. J. Insect Conserv. 6 (1): 13–23.
Colley M.R., Luna J.M. 2000. Relative attractiveness of potential beneficial insectary plants to aphidophagous hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae). Environ. Entomol. 29 (5): 1054–1059.
Debras J.F., Torre F., Rieux R., Reiter S., Garcin M.S., van Helden M., Buisson E., Dutoit T. 2006. Discrimination between agricultural management and the hedge effect in pear orchards (south-eastern France). Ann. Appl. Biol. 149 (3): 347–355.
Gałecka B. 1995. Rola zadrzewień śródpolnych w funkcjonowaniu układu ofiara – drapieżca na przykładzie mszyc i afidofagów. Zesz. Nauk. Komit. Człow. Śr. 12: 99–111.
Garbarkiewicz A., Trojanowski H. 1998. Występowanie mszycożernych Syrphidae na miedzach i przy drogach śródpolnych. [Aspects of balks and field – ways of conservation of Syrphidae in agriculture habitats]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 38 (2): 631–623.
Gilbert F.S. 1981. Foraging ecology of hoverfiels: morphology of the mouthparts in relation to feeding on nectar and pollen in some common urban species. Ecol. Entomol. 6 (3): 245–262.
Haenke S., Scheid B., Schaefer M., Tscharntke T., Thies C. 2009. Increasing syrphid fly diversity and density in sown flower strips within simple vs. complex landscape. J. Appl. Ecol. 46 (5): 1106–1114.
Hartfield C.M. 1997. Biological control of aphid on plum. Ph.D. thesis. Univerity of London, 196 pp.
Kaczorowski G., Dębek-Jankowska A. 1997. Bzygowate (Syrphidae) róznych typów zarośli śródpolnych. [Hoverflies (Syrphidae) in different types of thickets]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 37 (1): 85–87.
Miňarro M., Dapena E. 2001. Predators of the rosy apple aphid, Dysaphis plantaginea (Pass.) in Asturian (NW Spain) apple orchards. Integrated Fruit Production. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 24 (5): 241–245.
Moericke V. 1953. Wie finden geflügelte Blattläuse ihre Wirtspflanze? Mitt. Biol. Reichsanst. Berlin 75: 90–97.
Pielou E.C. 1966. Shannon’s formula as a messure of specific diversity; ist use and misuse. Am. Nat. 100 (914): 463–465.
Renkonen O. 1938. Statistisch-ökologische untersuchungen “űber die terrestrische Käferwelt der finnischen Bruchmoore”. Zool. Soc. Zoo. Bot. Fenn. 6: 1–226.
Rossi J., Gamba U., Pinna M., Spagnolo S., Visentin C., Alma A. 2006. Hoverflies in organic apple orchards in north-western Italy. Bull. Insect. 59 (2): 111–114.
Shannon C.E., Weaver W. 1963. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Univ. Illinois Press, Urbana, 111 pp.
Solomon M.G., Cross J.V., Fitzgerald J.D., Campbell C.A.M., Jolly R.L., Olszak R.W., Niemczyk E., Vogt H. 2000. Biocontrol of pests of apples and pears in northern and central Europe – 3. Predators. Biocontrol Sci. Techn. 10 (2): 91–128.
Sørensen T. 1948. A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species content and its application to analyses of vegetation on Danish common. Kong Danske Vidensk. Selsk Biol Skr. 5: 1–34.
Trzciński P., Dolańska-Niedbała E., Piekarska-Boniecka H. 2011. Wpływ otoczenia sadu jabłoniowego na występowanie drapieżnego gatunku Episyrphus balteatus (Deg.) (Diptera, Syrphidae). [Effect of surroudings of apple orchard on the occurrence of predatory species Episyrphus balteatus (Deg.) (Diptera, Syrphidae)]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 51 (4): 1792–1796.
Trzciński P., Piekarska-Boniecka H. 2009. Występowanie bzyga prążkowanego Episyrphus balteatus (Deg.) (Dietera, Syrphidae) w sadach z integrowaną produkcją owoców i ich otoczeniu. [Occurrence of marmelade fly Episyrphus balteatus (Deg.) (Diptera, Syrphidae) in apple orchards with integrated production of fruit and their surroundings]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 49 (4): 1987–1990.
Weigel A. 1997. Zum Einfluß blűhender Kräuter und Stauden in einer Apfelanlage auf die Populationsdynamik von Blattläussen und ihren Gegenspielern. Diplomarbeit, Universität Heidelberg, 123 pp.
Wnuk A. 1972. Badania nad składem gatunkowym drapieżnych bzygowatych (Syrphidae, Diptera) występujących w koloniach mszyc na drzewach i krzewach owocowych. [Investigations on the species composition of predaceous Syrphidae (Diptera) occuring in the colonies of aphids on fruit trees and shrubs]. Pol. Pismo Entomol. 42 (1): 236–247.
Wnuk A., Gut B. 1994. Atrakcyjność kwiatów dziko rosnących Umbellifarae dla mszycożernych Syrphidae (Dipt.). Pol. Pismo Entomol. 63 (1/2): 197–206.
Wyss E. 1995. The effects of weed strips on aphids and aphidophagous predators in an apple orchard. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 75 (1): 43–49.