• Metcalfa pruinosa appears in Poland for the first time.
  • New pest threatens ornamental plants and crops in Poland.
  • Metcalfa pruinosa as a vector of phytoplasmas.
Metcalfa pruinosa (Say, 1830) was recorded for the first time in Poland, in the city of Warsaw. This Nearctic species of the Flatidae family was introduced into Europe in the late 1970s and has expanded its range ever since. We provide data on the first record as well as briefly characterize the insect in terms of its diagnostic features, biology and potential harm to agriculture and the environment.
Natasza Borodynko-Filas
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
Alma A., Ferracini C., Burgio G. 2005. Development of a sequential plan to evaluate Neodryinus typhlocybae (Ashmead) Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) population associated with infestation in Northwestern Italy. Environmental Entomology 34 (4): 819–824. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-2....
Bagnoli B., Lucchi A. 2000. Dannosità e misure di controllo integrato, p. 65–88. In: “La Metcalfa negli ecosistemi italiani” (A. Lucchi, ed.). ARSIA Regione Toscana, Italy.
Bartlett C.R., Dietz L.L., Dmitriev D.A., Sanborn A.F., Soulier-Perkins A., Wallace M.S. 2018. The diversity of the true hoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). p. 501–590. In: “Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society”. Vol. II. (R.G. Foottit, P.H. Adler, eds.). Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, UK.
Bartlett C.R., O’Brien L.B., Wilson S.W. 2014. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: 1–287.
Bocca F.M., Picciau L., Laudonia S., Alma A. 2020. Palaearctic egg parasitoids interaction to three grapevine exotic pests in Northwestern Italy: A new association involving Metcalfa pruinosa. Insects 11 (9): 1–18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/insect....
Bourgoin T. 2022. FLOW (Fulgoromorpha Lists on The Web): A world knowledge base dedicated to Fulgoromorpha. Version 8. Available on: http://hemiptera-databases.org...: 02 February 2022].
Bressan A., Clair D., Sémétey O., Boudon-Padieu E. 2006. Insect injection and artificial feeding bioassays to test vector specificity of flavescence dorée phytoplasma. Phytopathology 96: 790–796. DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-96-0790.
Burakowski B., Mroczkowski M., Stefańska J. 1973. Chrząszcze Coleoptera – Biegaczowate – Carabidae. [Beetles Coleoptera – Ground beetles – Carabidae]. Part 1. Katalog Fauny Polski 23 (2): 1–232. (in Polish).
Byeon D.H., Jung J.M., Jung S., Lee W.-H. 2018. Prediction of global geographic distribution of Metcalfa pruinosa using CLIMEX. Entomological Research 48: 99–107.
Camerini G. 2017. Spiders (Araneae) as predators of the exotic Metcalfa pruinosa (Say, 1830) (Homoptera: Flatidae) in the central western Po Floodplain (Northern Italy). Indian Journal of Arachnology 6 (1): 72–80.
Danielli A., Bertaccini A., Vibio M., Mori N., Murari E., Posenato G., Girolami V. 1996. Detection and molecular characterization of phytoplasmas in the planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Homoptera: Flatidae). Phytopathologia Mediterranea 35: 62–65.
Donati I., Mauri S., Buriani G., Cellini A., Spinelli F. 2017. Role of Metcalfa pruinosa as a vector for Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae. Plant Pathology Journal 33 (6): 554–560. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.OA....
Girolami V., Camporese P. 1994. Prima moltiplicazione in Europa di Neodryinus typhlocybae (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Dryinidae) su Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Homoptera: Flatidae). p. 655–658. In: Atti XVII Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia, 13–18 June 1994, Udine, Italy.
Girolami V., Mazzon L. 1999. Controllo di Metcalfa pruinosa ad opera di Neodryinus typhlocybae. L’Informatore Agrario 55 (19): 87–91.
Girolami V., Mazzon L. 2001. Esperienze di lotta biologica e integrata a Metcalfa pruinosa con Neodryinus typhlocybae. Atti dell’Accademia Nazionale Italiana di Entomologia 49: 165–184.
Giustina W. Della. 1986. Metcalfa pruinosa (Say 1830), nouveauté pour la Faune de France [Hom. Flatidae]. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 91 (3–4): 89–92.
Giustina W. Della, Navarro E. 1993. Metcalfa pruinosa, un nouvel envahisseur? Phytoma – La Défense des végetaux 451: 30–32.
Grozea I., Gogan A., Virteiu A.M., Grozea A., Stef R., Molnar L., Carabet A., Dinnesen S. 2011. Metcalfa pruinosa Say (Insecta: Homoptera: Flatidae): a new pest in Romania. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6 (27): 5870–5877. DOI: 10.5897/AJAR11.478.
Grozea I., Vlad M., Virteiu A.M., Stef R., Carabet A., Molnar L., Mazare V. 2015. Biological control of invasive species Metcalfa pruinosa Say (Insecta: Hemiptera: Flatidae) in ornamentals plants by using Coccinelids. Journal of Biotechnology 208 (Suppl.): 112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbio....
Guglielmino A., Bückle C. 2003. Description of larval instars of Neodryinus typhlocybae (Ashmead, 1893) (Hymenoptera Dryinidae), with remarks on its biology. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin-Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 50 (1): 143–150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.2....
Hoch H. 2017. Fulgoromorpha. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. Available on: https://fauna-eu.org [Accessed: 02 February 2022].
Holzinger W.E., Kammerlander I., Nickel H. 2003. The Auchenorrhyncha of Central Europe. Vol. 1: Fulgoromorpha, Cicadomorpha excl. Cicadellidae. Brill, Leiden–Boston. XV + 672 pp.
Kahrer A., Strauss G., Stolz M., Moosbeckhofer R. 2009. Beobachtung zur Faunistik und Biologie der vor kurzem nach Österreich eingeschleppten Bläulingszikade (Metcalfa pruinosa). Beiträge zur Entomofaunistik 10: 17–30.
Kim D.-E., Kil J. 2014. Occurrence and Host Plant of Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Hemiptera: Flatidae) in Korea. Journal of Environmental Science International 23: 1385–1394. DOI: 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.8.1385.
Landi F., Prandini A., Paltrinieri S., Mori N., Bertaccini A. 2007. Detection of different types of phytoplasmas in stone fruit orchards in northern Italy. Bulletin of Insectology 60: 163–164.
Lauterer P. 2002. Citrus Flatid Planthopper – Metcalfa pruinosa (Hemiptera: Flatidae), a new pest of ornamental horticulture in the Czech Republic. Plant Protection Science 38 (4): 145–148.
Lucchi A. 1997. Metcalfa pruinosa and honey production in Italy. American Bee Journal 137: 532–535.
Lucchi A., Giannotti P., Santini L. 1999. Midgut and associated structures in the Nearctic flatid Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Homoptera Fulgoroidea) [unpaginated]. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Auchenorrhyncha Congress, 6–10 September 1999, Cardiff (Wales), United Kingdom.
Lucchi A., Mazzoni E. 2004. Wax production in adults of planthoppers (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with particular reference to Metcalfa pruinosa (Flatidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97: 1294–1298. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8....
Lucchi A., Santini L. 2001. Aspetti fisiologici e morfofunzionali in Metcalfa pruinosa (Hom. Fulgoroidea) con riferimento agli effetti prodotti sulle produzioni agricole e sulle alberature ornamentali. Atti della Accademia Nazionale Italiana di Entomologia, Rendiconti. Anno XLIX: 131–147.
Mead F.W. 1969. Citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say). Homoptera: Flatidae. Entomological Circular, Florida D.A. 85: 1–2.
Mergenthaler E., Fodor J., Kiss E., Bodnár D., Kiss B., Viczián O. 2020. Biological and molecular evidence for the transmission of aster yellows phytoplasma to French marigold (Tagetes patula) by the flatid planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa. Annals of Applied Biology 176: 249–256. DOI: 10.1111/aab.12582.
O’Brien L. 2002. The Wild Wonderful World of Fulgoromorpha. Denisia (NF) 4: 83–102.
Strauss G. 2009. Host range testing of the Nearctic beneficial parasitoid Neodryinus typhlocybae. BioControl 54: 163–171. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526....
Strauss G. 2012. Environmental risk assessment for Neodryinus typhlocybae, biological control agent against Metcalfa pruinosa, for Austria. European Journal of Environmental Sciences 2 (2): 102–109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23361....
Trivellone V., Ripamonti M., Angelini E., Filippin L., Rossi M., Marzachí C., Galetto L. 2019. Evidence suggesting interactions between immunodominant membrane protein imp of Flavescence dorée phytoplasma and protein extracts from distantly related insect species. Journal of Applied Microbiology 127: 1801–1813. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.14....
Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (v3.3.2). Available on: https://tropicos.org [Accessed: 02 February 2022].
Wilson S.W., Lucchi A. 2000. Aspetti sistematici, corologici, ecologici. p. 13–28. In: “La Metcalfa Negli Ecosistemi Italiani” (A. Lucchi, ed.). Agenzia Regionale per lo Svilluppo e l’Innovazione nel settore Agricolo-forestale, Firenze, Italy.
Wilson S.W., Lucchi A. 2007. Feeding activity of the flatid planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 80 (2): 175–178. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2317/0022-8....
Wilson S.W., McPherson J.E. 1981. Life histories of Anormenis septentrionalis, Metcalfa pruinosa and Ormenoides venusta with descriptions of immature stages. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 74 (3): 299–311. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/ 74.3.299.
Vétek G., Korányi D., Mezöfi L., Bodor J., Pénzes B., Olmi M. 2019. Neodryinus typhlocybae, a biological control agent of Metcalfa pruinosa, spreading in Hungary and reaching Slovakia. Bulletin of Insectology 72 (1): 1–11.
Vlad M., Grozea I. 2016. Host plant species of the Cicada Metcalfa pruinosa in Romania. Bulletin UASVM series Agriculture 73 (1): 131–137. DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-agr:11383.
Yeyeun K., Minyoung K., Ki-Jeong H., Seunghwan L. 2011. Outbreak of an exotic flatid, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Hemiptera: Flatidae) in the capital region of Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 14 (4): 473–478. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.as....
Zangheri S., Donadini P. 1980. Comparsa nel Veneto di un Omottero nearctico Metcalfa pruinosa Say (Homoptera, Flatidae). Redia 63: 301–305.
Zwolińska A., Krawczyk K., Borodynko-Filas N., Pospieszny H. 2019. Non-crop sources of Rapeseed Phyllody phytoplasma (‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’: 16SrI-B and 16SrI-(B/L) L), and closely related strains. Crop Protection 119: 59–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crop....
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top