ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effect of Artemisia annua L. essential oil on toxicity, enzyme activities, and energy reserves of cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
 
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1
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, P.O. Box 416351314, Rasht, Iran
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Guilan, P.O. Box 416351314, Rasht, Iran
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Jalal Jalali Sendi
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, P.O. Box 416351314, Rasht, Iran
Submission date: 2015-04-19
Acceptance date: 2015-10-16
 
Journal of Plant Protection Research 2015;55(4):371–377
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
The essential oil of Artemisia annua L ., a weed collected from northern Iran, was studied for its toxicity and physiological aspects on 4th instar larva of the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera Hübner in controlled conditions (26±1°C, 65±10% RH and 16 L : : 8 D h). The artificial diet was used as a medium for investigating the toxicity and the effect of LC 10 , LC 30 , LC 50 , and LC 90 on the feed- ing efficiency of 4th instar larva. The essential oil in doses of LC 10 , LC 30 , LC 50 , and LC 90 were estimated to be 2.01%, 3.86%, 6.07%, and 18.34%, respectively. The activity of α-amylase, protease, lipase, general esterases, and glutathione S-transferase and protein, triglyceride, glucose for treated larva were measured. The results showed that all of these parameters were decreased compared with the control. Hence, A. annua essential oil is suggested as a botanical for controlling this important pest of field crops.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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