ORIGINAL ARTICLE
An allelopathic evaluation of aqueous Aloe vera leaf and root extracts on the weed Sonchus oleraceus associated Vicia faba L.
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Shahira Ali Tarraf 1, A-B,E-F
 
 
 
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1
Botany Department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
 
2
Department of Biochemistry, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
 
 
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
 
 
Submission date: 2023-10-02
 
 
Acceptance date: 2023-11-22
 
 
Online publication date: 2024-02-29
 
 
Corresponding author
Kowthar Gad El-Rokiek   

Botany Department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
 
 
 
HIGHLIGHTS
  • faba bean is an important protein crop in Egypt,Weeds compete for nutrients uptake,water, light, Sonchus oleraceus causes losses which controlled by weed management, Aqueous fresh extracts of Aloe vera plant were used as bioherbicidal against broad leaf weed Sonchus oleraceus, The results revealed the presence of high concentrations of natural substances suggesting using Aloe vera extract leaf extract as a bioherbicide
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
This study aimed to evaluate the bioherbicidal effect of aqueous fresh extracts of leaves and roots of the Aloe vera plant on the broad leaf weed growth of Sonchus oleraceus associated faba bean plants. During the winters of 2020/2021 and 2021/2022, two pot experiments were carried out in the greenhouse of the National Research Center. Leaf and root aqueous extracts of A. vera were applied as soil and/or spray treatments at different concentrations. The results showed that there was significant inhibition in the fresh and dry biomass of S. oleraceus and was maximum with application of soil treatment (10%) of the leaf extract sequenced by spraying leaf extract at 20%. Furthermore, the inhibition of the weed growth was accompanied by an increase in the growth and yield of faba bean. The results indicated that phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and saponins were present in the leaf extract, and there were smaller amounts of tannins and saponins in the root extract than in the leaf extract. Total phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids in the leaf extract was more than three times that of the root extract. The results also revealed that the presence of higher concentrations of natural substances in the leaf extract than in the root extracts gave it its efficiency in inhibiting the growth of S. oleraceus weeds.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors wish to thank the National Research Centre in Giza, Egypt, for financial support and for providing space to conduct agricultural and chemical experiments.
RESPONSIBLE EDITOR
Łukasz Sobiech
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.
 
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